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Dr. Stephan Steinke


+49 421 218-65882



MARUM II, 3130

Dr. Stephan Steinke

Research Interests

  • Asian-Australian palaeomonsoon
  • Palaeoceanography of the western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean
  • Ecology, trace element and stable isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera

Current Research Projects

"Glacial sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in the deep Pacific (EISPAC)"; funded by the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

"Natural versus anthropogenic controls of past monsoon variability in Central Asia recorded in marine archives (CARIMA), subproject "Pearl River run-off – natural variability“; funded by the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

Topic: "Multi-decadal to centennial-scale development of the Indonesian-Australian summer monsoon over the last 6,000 years"; funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Completed Research Projects

Topic: "Middle to Late Miocene surface water history in the northern South China Sea: Relationship to the East Asian Monsoon evolution and variability (MIOMON; Middle to Late Miocene East Asian Monsoon evolution and variability); this study was funded by the DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm "Integrated Ocean Drilling Program/Ocean Drilling Program (IODP/ODP)", duration 06/2007-06/2009.

Curriculum Vitae

since 01/2010Research Associate at the MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen
07/2009 - 12/2009Guest researcher at the State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
06/2003 - 06/2009Post-doctoral Researcher at the Research Center Ocean Margins / MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen
01/2002 - 06/2003National Science Council/Feodor Lynen-Fellow at the Institute of Applied Geosciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan
02/2001Ph.D. University of Kiel
Title: Sedimentological and climatic changes during the last deglaciation recorded in cores from the Sunda Shelf margin and continental slope (southern South China Sea)
12/1996 - 12/2000Doctoral Researcher at the Institute of Geosciences, Kiel University
10/1990 - 11/1996Study of Geology/Palaeontology at the University of Kiel


Setiawan R.Y., Mohtadi M., Southon J., Groeneveld J., Steinke S., Hebbeln D., 2015. The consequences of opening the Sunda Strait on the hydrography of the eastern tropical Indian Ocean. Paleoceanography 30, 1358-1372, doi:10.1002/2015PA002802.

Pandey, D.K., Clift, P.D., Kulhanek, D.K., Andò, S., Bendle, J.A.P., Bratenkov, S., Griffith, E.M., Gurumurthy, G.P., Hahn, A., Iwai, M., Khim, B.-K., Kumar, A., Kumar, A.G., Liddy, H.M., Lu., H., Lyle, M.W., Mishra, R., Radhakrishna, T., Routledge, C.M., Saraswat, R., Saxena, R., Scardia, G., Sharma, G.K., Singh, A.D., Steinke, S., Suzuki, K., Tauxe, L., Tiwari, M., Xu, Z., and Yu, Z. (2015) Expedition 355 Preliminary Report: Arabian Sea Monsoon. International Ocean Discovery Program. http://dx.doi.org/10.14379/ iodp.pr.355.2015

Kwiatkowski, C., Prange, M., Varma, V., Steinke, S., Hebbeln, D., Mohtadi, M. (2015). Holocene variations of thermocline conditions in the eastern tropical Indian Ocean. Quaternary Science Reviews 114, 33-42.

Steinke, S., Prange, M., Feist, C., Groeneveld, J., Mohtadi, M. (2014). Upwelling variability off southern Indonesia over the past two millennia. Geophysical Research Letters 41, doi: 10.1002/2014GL061450.

Groeneveld, J., Hathorne, E.C., Steinke, S., DeBey, H., Mackensen, A., Tiedemann, R. (2014). Glacial induced closure of the Panamanian Gateway during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 95-100 (~2.5 Ma) , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 404 , 296-306 , doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.08.007.

Steinke, S., Mohtadi, M., Prange, M., Varma, V., Pittauerova, D., Fischer, H.W. (2014). Mid- to Late-Holocene Australian-Indonesian summer monsoon variability. Quaternary Science Reviews 93, 142-154, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.04.006.
Mohtadi M., Prange M., Oppo D.W., De Pol-Holz R., Merkel U., Zhang X., Steinke S., Lückge A.. (2014). North Atlantic forcing of tropical Indian Ocean climate. Nature 509, doi:10.1038/nature13196.

Huang, E., Mulitza, S., Paul, A., Groeneveld, J., Steinke, S., Schulz, M. (2012). Response of eastern tropical Atlantic central waters to Atlantic meridional overturning circulation changes during the Last Glacial Maximum and Heinrich Stadial I, Paleoceanography 27, doi:10.1029/2012PA002294.

Hessler, I., Steinke, S., Groeneveld, J., Dupont, L., Wefer, G. (2011). Impact of abrupt climate change in the tropical southeast Atlantic during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3. Paleoceanography 26, doi:10.1029/2011PA002118.

Mohtadi M., Oppo, D.W., Lückge A., De Pol-Holz, R., Steinke, S., Groeneveld, J., Hemme, N., Hebbeln, D. (2011). Reconstructing the thermal structure of the upper ocean: insights from planktic foraminifera shell chemistry and alkenones in modern sediments of the tropical eastern Indian Ocean. Paleoceanography 26, doi: 10.1029/2011PA002132.

Steinke, S., Glatz, C., Mohtadi, M., Groeneveld, J., Li, Q., Jian, Z. (2011). Past dynamics of the East Asian monsoon: No inverse behaviour between the summer and winter monsoon during the Holocene. Global and Planetary Change 78, 170-177.

Mohtadi, M., Oppo, D.W., Steinke, S., Stuut, J-B W., De Pol-Holz, R., Hebbeln, D., Lückge, A.. (2011). Glacial to Holocene swings of the Australian-Indonesian monsoon. Nature Geoscience 4, 540-544..

Kohn, M., Steinke, S., Baumann, K.-H., Donner, B., Meggers, H., Zonneveld, K.A.F. (2011). Stable oxygen isotopes from the calcareous-walled dinoflagellate Thoracosphaera heimii as a proxy for changes in mixed layer temperatures off NW Africa during the last 45,000 yr. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302, 311-322.

Huang, E., Tian, J., Steinke, S. (2011). Millennial-scale dynamics of the winter cold tongue in the southern South China Sea over the past 26 ka and the East Asian winter monsoon. Quaternary Research 75, 196-204.

Wan, S., Tian, J., Steinke, S., Li, A., Li, T. (2010). Evolution and variability of the East Asian summer monsoon during the Pliocene: Evidence from clay mineral records of the South China Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 239, 237-247.

Steinke, S., Mohtadi, M., Groeneveld, J., Lin, L-C., Löwemark, L., Chen, M-T., Rendle-Bühring, R. (2010). Reconstructing the southern South China Sea upper water-column structure since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM): Implications for the East Asian winter monsoon development. Paleoceanography 25, doi:10.1029/2009PA001850.

Steinke, S., Groeneveld, J., Johnstone, H., Rendle-Bühring, R. (2010). East Asian summer monsoon weakening after 7.5 Ma: Evidence from combined planktonic foraminifera Mg/Ca and d18O (ODP Site 1146; northern SCS). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 289, 33-43.

Mohtadi, M., Lückge, A., Steinke, S., Groeneveld, J., Hebbeln, D., Westphal, N. (2010). Late Pleistocene surface and thermocline conditions of the eastern tropical Indian Ocean. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 887-896.

Mohtadi, M., Steinke, S., Lückge, A., Groeneveld, J., Hathorne, E.C. (2010). Glacial to Holocene surface hydrography of the tropical eastern Indian Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 292, 89-97.

Fink, C., Baumann, K.-H., Groeneveld, J., Steinke, S. (2010). Strontium/Calcium ratio, carbon and oxygen stable isotopes in coccolith carbonate from different grain-size fractions in South Atlantic surface sediments. Geobios 43, 151-164.

Löwemark, L., Steinke, S., Wang, C.-H., Chen, M.-T., Müller, A., Shiau, L.-J., Kao, S.-J., Song, S.-R., Lin, H.-L., Wei, K.-Y. (2009). New evidence for a glacioeustatic influence on deep water circulation, bottom water ventilation and primary productivity in the South China Sea. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans 47, 138-153.

Mohtadi, M., Steinke, S., Groeneveld, J., Fink, H. G., Rixen, T., Hebbeln, D., Donner, B., Herunadi, B. (2009). Low-latitude control on seasonal and inter-annual changes in planktonic foraminiferal flux and shell geochemistry off south Java: a sediment trap study. Paleoceanography 24, doi:10.1029/2008PA001636).

Löwemark, L., Konstantinou, K., Steinke, S. (2008). Bias in foraminiferal multispecies reconstructions of paleohydrographic conditions caused by foraminiferal abundance variations and bioturbational mixing: A model approach. Marine Geology 256, 101-106.

Steinke, S., Kienast, M., Groeneveld, J., Lin, L.-C., Chen, M.-T., Rendle-Bühring, R. (2008). Proxy dependence of the temporal patterns of deglacial warming in the tropical South China Sea: Toward resolving seasonality. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 688-700.

Steinke, S., Hanebuth, T.J.J., Vogt, C., Stattegger, K. (2008). Sea level induced variations in clay mineral composition in the southwestern South China Sea over the past 17,000 years. Marine Geology 250, 199-210.
Steinke, S., Yu, P.-S., Kucera, M., Chen, M.-T. (2008). No-analog planktonic foraminifera faunas in the glacial southern South China Sea: Implications for the magnitude of glacial cooling in the western Pacific warm pool. Marine Micropaleontology 66, 71-90.

Shen, C.-C., Chiu, H.-Y., Chiang, H.-W., Chu, M.-F., Wei, K.-Y., Steinke, S., Chen, M.-T.,Lin, Y.-S., Lo, L. (2007). High precision measurements of Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios in carbonates by cold plasma inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry. Chemical Geology 236, 339-349.

Steinke, S., Chiu, H.-I., Yu, P.-S., Shen, C.-C., Erlenkeuser, H., Löwemark, L., Chen, M.-T. (2006). On the influence of sea level and monsoon climate on the southern South China Sea freshwater budget over the last 22,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 1475-1488.

Steinke, S., Chiu, H.-Y., Yu, P.-S., Shen, C.-C., Löwemark, L., Mii, H.-S., Chen, M.-T. (2005). Mg/Ca ratios of two Globigerinoides ruber (white) morphotypes: Implications for reconstructing tropical/subtropical surface water conditions. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 6, doi: 10.1029/2005GC000926.

Steinke, S., Kienast, M., Hanebuth, T. (2003). On the significance of sea-level variations and shelf palaeo-morphology in governing sedimentation in the southern South China Sea during the last deglaciation. Marine Geology 201, 179-206.

Kienast, M., Hanebuth, T.J.J., Pelejero, C., Steinke, S. (2003). Synchroneity of meltwater pulse 1a and the Bølling warming: New evidence from the South China Sea. Geology 31, 67-70.

Waelbroeck, C., Steinke, S. (2002). Comment on "A high resolution sea-surface temperature record from the tropical South China Sea (16,500-3000 yr B.P.)". Quaternary Research 57, 432-433.

Steinke, S., Kienast, M., Pflaumann, U., Weinelt, M., Stattegger, K. (2001). A high resolution sea-surface temperature record from the tropical South China Sea (16,500-3000 yr B.P.) Quaternary Research 55, 352-362.

Kienast, M., Steinke, S., Stattegger, K., Calvert, S. E. (2001). Synchronous tropical South China Sea SST change and Greenland warming during deglaciation. Science 291, 2132-3134.

Devey, C.W., Hekinian, R., Ackermand, D., Binard, N., Francke, B., Hemond, C., Kapsimalis, V., Lorenc, S., Maia, M., Möller, H., Perrot, K., Pracht, J., Stattegger, K., Steinke, S., Victor, P. (1997). The Foundation Seamount Chain; a first survey and sampling. Marine Geology 137, 191-200.

Research Cruises

2005 RV SONNE cruise 184 "PABESIA", Cilacap - Cilacap (30.07.-21.08.2005).

2012 RV SONNE cruise 221 "INVERS" - Interglacial variations of the East Asian summer monsoon", Hong Kong - Hong Kong (17.05.2012 - 07.06.2012)

2012 RV SONNE cruise "TransGeoBiOc", Pusan - Suva (09.09.2012 - 08.10.2012)

2013 RV SONNE cruise 228 "EISPAC / WESTWIND / SIODP", Kaohsiung - Townsville (04.05.2013 - 23.06.2013)