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The Arctic realm is expected to experience a greater-than-average response to global climate forcing. The cascade of processes that connect the Arctic cryosphere, ocean and atmosphere remain incompletely constrained by observations and theory and state-of-the-art climate models often fail to reproduce observed instrumental trends as well as past regional climate response reconstructed from marine sediment archives. The International Research Training Group ArcTrain "Processes and impacts of climate change in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Canadian Arctic" aims to educate PhD students in an interdisciplinary environment that combines the strength in marine geosciences and environmental physics in Bremen with complementary skills and expertise in sea-ice and ice-sheet modeling in a consortium of eight Canadian partner universities. The scientific team with the PhD students in its centre aims to advance the understanding of the variability of the Arctic Ocean and the cryosphere on time scales of decades to millennia and to use these results to robustly assess the impact of projected future climate changes on the Arctic.
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