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transparent cysts

Zonneveld, K.A.F. and Pospelova V. (2015). A determination key for modern dinoflagellate cysts. Palynology 39 (3), 387- 409.


Choose your cyst type

spherical, subspherical
to cruciform
no tabulation (except archeopyle)
no processes, no septa +
spherical to subspherical
randomly distributed spines/processes +
peridinioid cyst form +
spherical, elongate to cruciform
can have septa along sutures
processes on triple junctions +


spherical to subspherical
septa along sutures
no processes on triple junctions