Logo Universitat Bremen
Page path:

Dr. Julius Lipp

Research Staff


Organic Geochemistry


+49 421 218-65703


+49 421 218-65715



MARUM I, 2700

Dr. Julius Lipp
Please use preferably my University Bremen email address: [Bitte aktivieren Sie Javascript]

Curriculum Vitae

since July 2012Senior researcher and head of LCMS laboratory in Organic Geochemistry group, University of Bremen
July 2010 - June 2012DFG 'own position' at MARUM and Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen
July 28th, 2008Receipt of PhD certificate
July 2008 - June 2010PostDoc in the Organic Geochemistry group, MARUM and Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen
June 2nd, 2008PhD defense at the Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen
Title: "The role of Archaea in the deep marine subsurface"
December 2003 - June 2008PhD student at the Research Center for Ocean Margins, University of Bremen
Thesis title: "Intact membrane lipids as tracers for microbial life in the marine deep biosphere"
April, 3rd 2003Receipt of the diploma certificate
June 2002-February 2003Diploma (M. Sc.) thesis at the Institute of Biochemistry, University of Cologne
Thesis title: "Derivatization of Iridals for MS/MS analysis"
October 1996Student at the University of Cologne, department of chemistry

Research Interests

  • Organic geochemistry
  • Biomarker research
  • Microbial ecology
  • Molecular ecology
  • Geochemical modeling
  • Development of new analytical methods
  • Chemoinformatics

PhD Thesis

Only recently discovered, the biosphere in deeply buried marine sediments harbors an enormous ecosystem of previously hidden prokaryotic life forms. Although this deep biosphere contains 10 to 30% of the total surface biosphere biomass still little is known about the key processes and their linkage to the overlying ocean. In IODP, the exploration of the Deep Biosphere is now one of the major research themes. Major questions of the deep biosphere research initiative include:
  • What types of microbes thrive in deeply buried sediments and what are the processes they are mediating?
  • What impact does this biosphere have on the Earth's surface and on global element cycling?
To adress these important questions I analyzed membrane lipids with
  • HPLC/MSn for structure elucidation
  • GC/MS for identification of additional properties like headgroups/ether alkyl chains/fatty acids and for quantification
  • GC/IRMS to determine the carbon stable isotope ratio
The thesis can be downloaded here as PDF.

Publications (*first author)

Becker KW, Lipp JS, Versteegh GJM, Wörmer L, Hinrichs KU (2015). Rapid and simultaneous analysis of three molecular sea surface temperature proxies and application to sediments from the Sea of Marmara. Org. Geochem. 85, 42-53.
2014Wörmer L, Elvert M, Fuchser J, Lipp JS, Buttigieg PL, Zabel M, Hinrichs KU (2014). Ultra-high-resolution paleoenvironmental records via direct laser-based analysis of lipid biomarkers in sediment core samples. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, 15669-15674.
Elling FJ, Könneke M, Lipp JS, Becker KW, Gagen, EJ, Hinrichs KU (2014). Effects of growth phase on the membrane lipid composition of the thaumarchaeon Nitrosopumilus maritimus and their implications for archaeal lipid distributions in the marine environement. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 141, 579-597.
Zhu R, Lin YS, Lipp JS, Meador TB, Hinrichs KU (2014). Optimizing sample pretreatment for compound-specific stable carbon isotopic analysis of amino sugars in marine sediment. Biogeosci. 11, 4869-4880.
Ciobanu MC, Burgaud G, Dufresne A, Breuker A, Rédou V, Maamar SB, Gaboyer F, Vandenabeele-Trambouze O, Lipp JS, Schippers A, Vandenkoornhuyse P, Barbier G, Jebbar M, Godfroy A, Alain K (2014). Microorganisms persist at record depths in the subseafloor of the Canterbury Basin. The ISME J 8, 1370-1380.
Imachi H, Sakai S, Lipp JS, Miyazaki M, Saito Y, Yamanaka Y, Hinrichs KU, Inagaki F, Takai K (2004). Pelolinea submarina gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic, filamentous bacterium of the phylum Chloroflexi isolated from subseafloor sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 64, 812-818.
2013Zhu C, Lipp JS, Wörmer L, Becker KW, Schröder J, Hinrichs KU (2013). Comprehensive glycerol ether lipid fingerprints through a novel reversed phase liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry protocol. Org. Geochem. 65, 53-62.
Schouten S, ... 30 authors ..., Lipp JS, ..38 authors (2013). An interlaboratory study of TEX86 and BIT analysis of sediments, extracts, and standard mixtures. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 14, 5263-5285.
Becker KW, Lipp JS, Zhu C, Liu XL, Hinrichs KU (2013). An improved method for the analysis of archaeal and bacterial ether core lipids. Org. Geochem. 61, 34-44.
Xie S, Lipp JS, Wegener G, Ferdelman TG, Hinrichs KU (2013). Turnover of microbial lipids in the deep biosphere and growth of benthic archaeal populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 110, 6010-6014.
Wörmer L, Lipp JS, Schröder JM, Hinrichs KU (2013). Application of two LC-ESI-MS methods for improved detection of intact polar lipids (IPLs) in environmental samples. Org. Geochem. 59, 10-21.
2012Lin YS, Lipp JS, Elvert M, Holler T, Hinrichs KU (2012). Assessing production of the ubiquitous archaeal diglycosyl tetraether lipids in marine subsurface sediment using intramolecular stable isotope probing. Environm. Microbiol. 15, 1634-1646.
McKay LJ, MacGregor BJ, Biddle JF, Albert DB, Mendlowitz HP, Hoer DR, Lipp JS, Lloyd KG, Teske AP (2012). Spatial heterogeneity and underlying geochemistry of phylogenetically diverse orange and white Beggiatoa mats in Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments. Deep Sea Res. I 67, 21-31.
Bühring SI, Schubotz F, Harms C, Lipp JS, Amils R, Hinrichs KU (2012). Lipid signatures of acidophilic microbial communities in an extreme acidic environment - Rio Tinto, Spain. Org. Geochem. 47, 66-77.
Könneke M, Lipp JS, Hinrichs KU (2012). Carbon isotope fractionation by the marine ammonia-oxidizing archaeon Nitrosopumilus maritimus. Org. Geochem. 48, 21-24.
Kellermann MY, Schubotz F, Elvert M, Lipp JS, Birgel D, Prieto-Mollar X, Dubilier N, Hinrichs KU (2012). Symbiont-host relationships in chemosynthetic mussels: A comprehensive lipid biomarker study. Org. Geochem. 43, 112-124.
Liu XL, Lipp JS, Simpson JH, Lin YS, Summons RE, Hinrichs KU (2012). Mono- and dihydroxyl Glycerol Dibiphytanyl Glycerol Tetraethers in marine sediments: identification of both core and intact polar forms. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 89, 102-115.
Liu XL, Lipp JS, Schröder JM, Summons RE, Hinrichs KU (2012). Isoprenoid glycerol dialkanol diethers: A series of novel archaeal lipids in marine sediments. Org. Geochem. 43, 50-55.
2011Yoshinaga MY, Kellermann MY, Rossel PE, Schubotz F, Lipp JS, Hinrichs KU (2011). Systematic fragmentation patterns of archaeal intact polar lipids by high-performance liquid chromatography/ electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry. Rap. Comm. Mass. Spec. 25, 3563-3574.
Schubotz F, Lipp JS, Elvert M, Kasten S, Prieto-Mollar X, Zabel M, Bohrmann G, Hinrichs KU (2011). Petroleum degradation and associated microbial signatures at the Chapopote asphalt volcano, Southern Gulf of Mexico. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 75, 4377-4398.
Schubotz F, Lipp JS, Elvert M, Hinrichs KU (2011). Stable carbon isotopic compositions of intact polar lipids of hydrocarbon degrading microbil communities at the Chapopote asphalt volcano in the Southern Gulf of Mexico. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 75, 4399-4415.
Liu X, Lipp JS, Hinrichs KU (2011). Distribution of intact and core GDGTs in marine sediments. Org. Geochem. 42, 368-375.
2010Lin YS, Lipp JS, Yoshinaga MY, Lin SH, Elvert M, Hinrichs KU (2010). Intramolecular stable carbon isotopic analysis of archaeal glycosyl tetraether lipids. Rap. Comm. Mass. Spec. 24, 2817-2826.
Lin YS, Biddle JF, Lipp JS, Orcutt B, Holler T, Teske A, Hinrichs KU (2010). Effect of storage conditions on archaeal and bacterial communities in subsurface marine sediments. Geomicrob. J. 27, 261-272.
2009Lipp JS*, Hinrichs KU (2009). Structural diversity and fate of intact polar lipids in marine sediments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73, 6816-6833.
Schubotz F, Wakeham SG, Fredricks HF, Lipp JS, Hinrichs KU (2009). Detection of microbial biomass by intact membrane lipid analysis in the water column and surface sediments of the Black Sea. Environm. Microbiol. 11, 2720-2734.
Bühring SI, Smittenberg RH, Sachse D, Lipp JS, Golubic S, Sachs JP, Hinrichs KU, Summons RE (2009). A hypersaline microbial mat from the Pacific Atoll Kiritimati: insights into biomarker composition and carbon fixation using biomarker analyses and a 13C-labeling approach. Geobiology 7, 1-16.
2008Ertefai TF, Fisher MC, Fredricks HF, Lipp JS, Birgel D, Udert KM, Cavanaugh CM, Pearson A, Gschwend PM, Hinrichs KU (2008). Vertical distribution of microbial lipids and functional genes in chemically distinct layers of a highly polluted meromictic lake. Org. Geochem. 39, 1572-1588.
Lipp JS*, Morono Y, Inagaki F, Hinrichs KU (2008). Significant contribution of Archaea to extant biomass in marine subsurface sediments. Nature 454, 991-994.
Rossel PE, Lipp JS, Fredricks HF, Arnds J, Boetius A, Elvert M, Hinrichs KU (2008). Intact polar lipids of anaerobic methanotrophic archaea and associated bacteria. Org. Geochem. 39, 992-999.
Strapoc D, Picardal F, Turich C, Schaperdoth I, Macalady J, Lipp JS, Lin Y, Ertefai TF, Schubotz F, Hinrichs KU, Mastalerz M, Schimmelmann A (2008). Methane-Producing Microbial Community in a Coal Bed of the Illinois Basin. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74, 2424-2432.
2006Biddle JF, Lipp JS*, Lever M, Lloyd K, Soerensen K, Anderson R, Fredricks HF, Elvert M, Kelly TJ, Schrag DP, Sogin ML, Brenchley JE, Teske,A, House CH, Hinrichs KU (2006). Heterotrophic Archaea dominate sedimentary subsurface ecosystems off Peru. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3846-3851.


Jan 2009MARUM award for best PhD thesis: Intact membrane lipids as tracers for microbial life in the marine deep biosphere.

Ship Expeditions

Feb 2011Meteor M84/1 (DarcSeas): Deep subseafloor Archaea in the Eastern Mediterranean, Marmara, and Black Seas: carbon cycle, life strategies, and role in sedimentary ecosystems.
Nov 2009 - Jan 2010IODP Expedition 317: Canterbury Basin Sea Level.
Dec 2008Cruise AT15-40 with R/V Atlantis to Guaymas Basin, Mexico. Exploration of hydrothermal vents and their impact on carbon cycling in sediments with the submersible Alvin.
Oct-Nov 2005Cruise NT05-8 with the japanese vessel NATSUSHIMA of the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC). Exploration of hydrothermal venting sites in the mariana arc with ROV HyperDolphin 3000.

Teaching Experience

(Co)supervised theses
PhDKevin Becker (ongoing), Jan Schröder (ongoing), Rong Zhu (Feb. 2014), Sitan Xie (October 2012), Xiaolei Liu (May 2011).
MSc/diplomaSusanne Alfken (April 2015), Carl Peters (Nov 2012), Jessica Holterhof (June 2012), Christopher Dibke (Nov 2011), Kevin Becker (Oct 2011), Miriam Sollich (Mar 2011), Nadine Buchs (Sep 2008), Matthias Kellermann (Dec 2007), Corinna Harms (Mar 2007), Florence Schubotz (Sep 2005).
BScLina Madaj (October 2013), Janna Müllenmeister (October 2013), Jakob Meier-Credo (August 2013), Wolf Dumman (July 2012), Tim Stoltmann (June 2012), Henning Meyer (Jun 2005)
Co-teaching lecture "Organic Geochemistry for Geoscientists" (SS2010, SS2011, SS2012, SS2013, SS2014, SS2015).