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Dr. Lydie Dupont

Research Staff

Group: 

General Geology - Marine Geology

Phone: 

+49 421 218-65532

Email:

Room: 

MARUM II, 3100

Lydie Dupont

Main topic of my research is the development of the African vegetation in association with climatic change.
To this end, I study pollen and spores from marine cores and sediment samples.
Much of my work covers the Late Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycle, but I am also interested in the older parts of the Neogene.

Publication list

Bouimetarhan, I, Chiessi, CM, González-Arango, C, Dupont, LM, Voigt, I, Prange, M and Zonneveld, KAF (2018) Intermittent development of forest corridors in northeastern Brazil during the last deglaciation: Climatic and ecologic evidence. Quaternary Science Reviews, 192. 86-96. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.05.026 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Burdanowitz, N, Dupont, LM, Zabel, M and Schefuß, E (2018) Holocene hydrologic and vegetation developments in the Orange River catchment (South Africa) and their controls. The Holocene, 28(8). 1288-1300. doi:10.1177/0959683618771484 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Caley, T, Extier, T, Collins, JA, Schefuß, E, Dupont, LM, Malaizé, B, Rossignol, L, Souron, A, McClymont, EL, Jiménez-Espejo, FJ, García-Comas, C, Eynaud, F, Martinez, P, Roche, DM, Jorry, SJ, Charlier, K, Wary, M, Gourves, PY, Billy, I and Giraudeau, J (2018) A two-million-year-long hydroclimatic context for hominin evolution in southeastern Africa. Nature, 560(7716). 76-79. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0309-6 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM and Schefuß, E (2018) The roles of fire in Holocene ecosystem changes of West Africa. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 481. 255-263. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.10.049 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Garcin, Y, Deschamps, P, Ménot, G, de Saulieu, G, Schefuß, E, Sebag, D, Dupont, LM, Oslisly, R, Brademann, B, Mbusnum, KG, Onana, JM, Ako, AA, Epp, LS, Tjallingii, R, Strecker, MR, Brauer, A and Sachse, D (2018) Early anthropogenic impact on Western Central African rainforests 2,600 y ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(13). 3261-3266. doi:10.1073/pnas.1715336115 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Grimmer, F, Dupont, LM, Lamy, F, Jung, G, González, C and Wefer, G (2018) Early Pliocene vegetation and hydrology changes in western equatorial South America. Climate of the Past, 14(11). 1739-1754. doi:10.5194/cp-14-1739-2018 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kuechler, RR, Dupont, LM and Schefuß, E (2018) Hybrid insolation forcing of Pliocene monsoon dynamics in West Africa. Climate of the Past, 14(1). 73-84. doi:10.5194/cp-14-73-2018 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhao, X, Dupont, LM, Schefuß, E, Granger, R and Wefer, G (2018) Late-Holocene oceanic variability in the southern Benguela region driven by interplay of upwelling, fluvial discharge, and Agulhas leakage. The Holocene. 095968361881039. doi:10.1177/0959683618810396 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM and Kuhlmann, H (2017) Glacial-interglacial vegetation change in the Zambezi catchment. Quaternary Science Reviews, 155. 127-135. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.019 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hoetzel, S, Dupont, LM, Marret, F, Jung, G and Wefer, G (2017) Steps in the intensification of Benguela upwelling over the Walvis Ridge during Miocene and Pliocene. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 1-13. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1309-0 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Sánchez Goñi, MF, Desprat, S, Daniau, AL, Bassinot, FC, Polanco-Martínez, JM, Harrison, SP, Allen, JRM, Anderson, RS, Behling, H, Bonnefille, R, Burjachs, F, Carrión, JS, Cheddadi, R, Clark, JS, Combourieu-Nebout, N, Mustaphi, CJC, Debusk, GH, Dupont, LM, Finch, JM, Fletcher, WJ, Giardini, M, González, C, Gosling, WD, Grigg, LD, Grimm, EC, Hayashi, R, Helmens, K, Heusser, LE, Hill, T, Hope, G, Huntley, B, Igarashi, Y, Irino, T, Jacobs, B, Jiménez-Moreno, G, Kawai, S, Kershaw, AP, Kumon, F, Lawson, IT, Ledru, MP, Lézine, AM, Liew, PM, Magri, D, Marchant, R, Margari, V, Mayle, FE, McKenzie, GM, Moss, P, Müller, S, Müller, UC, Naughton, F, Newnham, RM, Oba, T, Pérez-Obiol, R, Pini, R, Ravazzi, C, Roucoux, KH, Rucina, SM, Scott, L, Takahara, H, Tzedakis, PC, Urrego, DH, van Geel, B, Valencia, BG, Vandergoes, MJ, Vincens, A, Whitlock, CL, Willard, DA and Yamamoto, M (2017) The ACER pollen and charcoal database: a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period. Earth System Science Data, 9(2). 679-695. doi:10.5194/essd-9-679-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Vallé, F, Westerhold, T and Dupont, LM (2017) Orbital-driven environmental changes recorded at ODP Site 959 (eastern equatorial Atlantic) from the Late Miocene to the Early Pleistocene. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106. 1161-1174. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1350-z PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhao, X, Dupont, L, Schefuß, E, Bouimetarhan, I and Wefer, G (2017) Palynological evidence for Holocene climatic and oceanographic changes off western South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 165. 88-101. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.04.022 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Castañeda, IS, Caley, T, Dupont, LM, Kim, JH, Malaizé, B and Schouten, S (2016) Middle to Late Pleistocene vegetation and climate change in subtropical southern East Africa. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 450. 306-316. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.06.049 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhao, X, Dupont, LM, Schefuß, E, Meadows, ME, Hahn, A and Wefer, G (2016) Holocene vegetation and climate variability in the winter and summer rainfall zones of South Africa. The Holocene. doi:10.1177/0959683615622544 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhao, X, Dupont, LM, Meadows, ME and Wefer, G (2016) Pollen distribution in the marine surface sediments of the mudbelt along the west coast of South Africa. Quaternary International, 404. 44-56. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.09.032 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Badewien, T, Vogts, A, Dupont, LM and Rullkötter, J (2015) Influence of Late Pleistocene and Holocene climate on vegetation distributions in southwest Africa elucidated from sedimentary n-alkanes – Differences between 12°S and 20°S. Quaternary Science Reviews, 125. 160-171. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.08.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bouimetarhan, I, Dupont, LM, Kuhlmann, H, Pätzold, J, Prange, M, Schefuß, E and Zonneveld, KAF (2015) Northern Hemisphere control of deglacial vegetation changes in the Rufiji uplands (Tanzania). Climate of the Past, 11(5). 751-764. doi:10.5194/cp-11-751-2015 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hoetzel, S, Dupont, LM and Wefer, G (2015) Miocene–Pliocene vegetation change in south-western Africa (ODP Site 1081, offshore Namibia). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 423. 102-108. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.02.002 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Haberzettl, T, Baade, J, Compton, J, Daut, G, Dupont, LM, Finch, J, Frenzel, P, Green, A, Hahn, A, Hebbeln, D, Helmschrot, J, Humphries, M, Kasper, T, Kirsten, K, Mäusbacher, R, Meadows, M, Meschner, S, Quick, L, Schefuß, E, Wündsch, M and Zabel, M (2014) Paleoenvironmental investigations using a combination of terrestrial and marine sediments from South Africa - The RAIN (Regional Archives for Integrated iNvestigations) approach. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie, Teil I, 2014(1). 55-73. doi:10.1127/zgpI/2014/0055-0073

Vallé, F, Dupont, LM, Leroy, SAG, Schefuß, E and Wefer, G (2014) Pliocene environmental change in West Africa and the onset of strong NE trade winds (ODP Sites 659 and 658). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 414. 403-414. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.09.023 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bouimetarhan, I, Groeneveld, J, Dupont, LM and Zonneveld, KAF (2013) Low- to high- productivity pattern within Heinrich stadial 1: Inferrences from dinoflagellate cyst records off Senegal. Global and Planetary Change, 106. 64-76. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.03.007 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM, Rommerskirchen, F, Mollenhauer, G and Schefuß, E (2013) Miocene to Pliocene changes in South African hydrology and vegetation in relation to the expansion of C4 plants. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 375. 408-417. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.06.005 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Handiani, DN, Paul, A, Prange, M, Merkel, U, Dupont, LM and Zhang, X (2013) Tropical vegetation response to Heinrich Event 1 as simulated with the UVic ESCM and CCSM3. Climate of the Past, 9(4). 1683-1696. doi:10.5194/cp-9-1683-2013 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hoetzel, S, Dupont, LM, Schefuß, E, Rommerskirchen, F and Wefer, G (2013) The role of fire in Miocene to Pliocene C4 grassland and ecosystem evolution. Nature Geoscience, 6(12). 1027-1030. doi:10.1038/ngeo1984 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kuechler, RR, Schefuß, E, Beckmann, B, Dupont, LM and Wefer, G (2013) NW African hydrology and vegetation during the Last Glacial cycle reflected in plant-wax-specific hydrogen and carbon isotopes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 82. 56-67. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.013 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bouimetarhan, I, Prange, M, Schefuß, E, Dupont, LM, Lippold, J, Mulitza, S and Zonneveld, KAF (2012) Sahel megadrought during Heinrich Stadial 1: evidence for a three-phase evolution of the low- and mid-level West African wind system. Quaternary Science Reviews, 58. 66-76. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.10.015 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Daniau, AL, Bartlein, PJ, Harrison, SP, Prentice, IC, Brewer, S, Friedlingstein, P, Harrison-Prentice, TI, Inoue, J, Izumi, K, Marlon, JR, Mooney, S, Power, MJ, Stevenson, J, Tinner, W, Andric, M, Atanassova, J, Behling, H, Black, M, Blarquez, O, Brown, KJ, Carcaillet, C, Colhoun, EA, Colombaroli, D, Davis, BAS, D'Costa, D, Dodson, J, Dupont, LM, Eshetu, Z, Gavin, DG, Genries, A, Haberle, S, Hallett, DJ, Hope, G, Horn, SP, Kassa, TG, Katamura, F, Kennedy, LM, Kershaw, P, Krivonogov, S, Long, C, Magri, D, Marinova, E, McKenzie, GM, Moreno, PI, Moss, P, Neumann, FH, Norstrom, E, Paitre, C, Rius, D, Roberts, N, Robinson, GS, Sasaki, N, Scott, L, Takahara, H, Terwilliger, V, Thevenon, F, Turner, R, Valsecchi, VG, Vanniere, B, Walsh, M, Williams, N and Zhang, Y (2012) Predictability of biomass burning in response to climate changes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26. doi:10.1029/2011GB004249 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Handiani, DN, Paul, A and Dupont, LM (2012) Tropical climate and vegetation changes during Heinrich Event 1: a model-data comparison. Climate of the Past, 8(1). 37-57. doi:10.5194/cp-8-37-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hessler, I, Dupont, LM, Handiani, DN, Paul, A, Merkel, U and Wefer, G (2012) Masked millennial-scale climate variations in South West Africa during the last glaciation. Climate of the Past, 8(2). 841-853. doi:10.5194/cp-8-841-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM (2011) Orbital scale vegetation change in Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30. 3589-3602. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.019

Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Kim, JH (2011) Corrigendum to "Thirty thousand years of vegetation development and climate change in Angola (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1078)" published in Clim. Past, 4, 107-124, 2008. Climate of the Past, 7. 115. doi:10.5194/cp-7-115-2011

Dupont, LM, Caley, T, Kim, JH, Castañeda, IS, Malaizé, B and Giraudeau, J (2011) Glacial-interglacial vegetation dynamics in South Eastern Africa coupled to sea surface temperature variations in the Western Indian Ocean. Climate of the Past, 7(4). 1209-1224. doi:10.5194/cp-7-1209-2011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM, Linder, HP, Rommerskirchen, F and Schefuß, E (2011) Climate-driven rampant speciation of the cape flora. Journal of Biogeography, 38(6). 1059-1068. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02476.x PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hessler, I, Steinke, S, Groeneveld, J, Dupont, LM and Wefer, G (2011) Impact of abrupt climate change in the tropical southeast Atlantic during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3. Paleoceanography, 26. PA4209. doi:10.1029/2011PA002118 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rommerskirchen, F, Condon, T, Mollenhauer, G, Dupont, LM and Schefuß, E (2011) Miocene to Pliocene development of surface and subsurface temperatures in the Benguela Current system. Paleoceanography, 26. PA3216. doi:10.1029/2010PA002074 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM, Schlütz, F, Teboh Ewah, C, Jennerjahn, TC, Paul, A and Behling, H (2010) Two-step vegetation response to enhanced precipitation in Northeast Brazil during Heinrich event 1. Global Change Biology, 16(6). 1647-1660. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02023.x PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Enters, D, Behling, H, Mayr, C, Dupont, LM and Zolitschka, B (2010) Holocene environmental dynamics of south-eastern Brazil recorded in laminated sediments of Lago Aleixo. Journal of Paleolimnology, 44(1). 265-277. doi:10.1007/s10933-009-9402-z

González, C and Dupont, LM (2010) Tropical vegetation evidence for rapid sea level changes associated with Heinrich Events. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 9(1). doi:10.1088/1755-1315/9/1/012003

Haberle, SG, Behling, H, Dupont, LM and Kirleis, W (2010) Introduction: Tropical palaeoecology and global change. Global Change Biology, 16(6). 1645-1646. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02231.x

Hessler, I, Dupont, LM, Bonnefille, R, Behling, H, González, C, Helmens, KF, Hooghiemstra, H, Lebamba, J, Ledru, MP, Lézine, AM, Maley, J, Marret, F and Vincens, A (2010) Millennial-scale changes in vegetation records from tropical Africa and South America during the last glacial. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(21-22). 2882-2899. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.11.029

Bouimetarhan, I, Dupont, LM, Schefuß, E, Mollenhauer, G, Mulitza, S and Zonneveld, KAF (2009) Palynological evidence for climatic and oceanic variability off NW Africa during the late Holocene. Quaternary Research, 72(2). 188-197. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2009.05.003 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bouimetarhan, I, Marret, F, Dupont, LM and Zonneveld, KAF (2009) Dinoflagellate cyst distribution in marine surface sediments off West Africa (6-17°N) in relation to sea-surface conditions, freshwater input and seasonal coastal upwelling. Marine Micropaleontology, 71(3-4). 113-130. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2009.02.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM (2009) The Congo deep-sea fan as an archive of Quaternary change in Africa and the eastern tropical South Atlantic. In: Kneller, B, Martinsen, OJ and McCaffrey, B (eds.) External Controls on Deep-Water Depositional Systems, SEPM Special Publication 92. SEPM Society for Sedimentary, USA, 79-87. ISBN 1565761367

González, C and Dupont, LM (2009) Tropical salt marsh succession as sea-level indicator during Heinrich events. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(9-10). 939-946. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.12.023

McGregor, HV, Dupont, LM, Stuut, JB and Kuhlmann, H (2009) Vegetation change, goats, and religion: a 2000-year history of land use in southern Morocco. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(15-16). 1434-1448. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.02.012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Kim, JH (2008) Thirty thousand years of vegetation development and climate change in Angola (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1078). Climate of the Past, 4. 107-124. doi:10.5194/cp-4-107-2008 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

González, C, Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Wefer, G (2008) Neotropical vegetation respnse to rapid climate changes during the last glacial period: Palynological evidence from the Cariaco Basin. Quaternary Research, 69(2). 217-230. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.12.001

González, C, Dupont, LM, Mertens, KN and Wefer, G (2008) Reconstructing marine productivity of the Cariaco Basin during Marine Isotope Stages 3 and 4 using organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts. Paleoceanography, 23. PA3215. doi:10.1029/2008PA001602

Weigelt, E, Dupont, LM and Uenzelmann-Neben, G (2008) Late Pliocene climate changes documented in seismic and palynology data at the southwestern African Margin. Global and Planetary Change, 63(1). 31-39. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.05.001

Behling, H, Dupont, LM, Safford, HDF and Wefer, G (2007) Late Quaternary vegetation and climate dynamics in the Serra da Bocaina, southeastern Brazil. Quaternary International, 161(1). 22-31. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2006.10.021

Dupont, LM, Behling, H, Jahns, S, Marret, F and Kim, JH (2007) Variability in glacial and Holocene marine pollen records offshore from west southern Africa. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 16. 87-100. doi:10.1007/s00334-006-0080-8 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM (2006) Late Pliocene vegetation and climate in Namibia (southern Africa) derived from palynology of ODP Site 1082. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7(1). Q05007. doi:10.1029/2005GC001208 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM and Behling, H (2006) Land-sea linkages during deglaciation: high resolution records from the eastern Atlantic off the coast of Namibia and Angola (ODP Site 1078). Quaternary International, 148(1). 19-28. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2005.11.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hooghiemstra, H, Lézine, AM, Leroy, SAG, Dupont, LM and Marret, F (2006) Late Quaternary palynology in marine sediments: A synthesis of the understanding of pollen distribution patterns in the NW African setting. Quaternary International, 148(1). 29-44. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2005.11.005

Rommerskirchen, F, Eglinton, G, Dupont, LM and Rullkötter, J (2006) Glacial/interglacial changes in Southern Africa: compound-specific d13C land plant biomarker and pollen records from Southeast Atlantic continental margin sediments - Part II. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7(8). Q08010. doi:10.1029/2005GC001223 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM, Donner, B, Vidal, L, Pérez, EM and Wefer, G (2005) Linking desert evolution and coastal upwelling: Pliocene climate change in Namibia. Geology, 33(6). 461-464. doi:10.1130/G21401.1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kim, JH, Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Versteegh, GJM (2005) Impacts of rapid sea-level rise on mangrove deposit erosion: Application of taraxerol and Rhizophora records. Journal of Quaternary Science, 20(3). 221-225. doi:10.1002/jqs.904

Dupont, LM, Kim, JH, Schneider, RR and Shi, N (2004) Southwest African climate independent of Atlantic sea surface temperatures during the Younger Dryas. Quaternary Research, 61(3). 318-324. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2004.02.005

Versteegh, GJM, Schefuß, E, Dupont, LM, Marret, F, Sinninghe Damsté, JS and Jansen, JHF (2004) Taraxerol and Rhizophora pollen as proxies for tracking past mangrove ecosystems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(3). 411-422. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00456-3 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wagner, T, Zabel, M, Dupont, LM, Holtvoeth, J and Schubert, CJ (2004) Terrigenous Signals in Sediments of the Low Latitude Atlantic - Implications for Environmental Variations during the Late Quaternary: Part I: Organic Carbon. In: Wefer, G, Mulitza, S and Ratmeyer, V (eds.) The South Atlantic in the Late Quaternary: Reconstruction of Material Budgets and Current Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 295-322. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-18917-3_15

Dupont, LM and Wyputta, U (2003) Reconstructing pathways of aeolian pollen transport to the marine sediments along the coastline of SW Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 22(2-4). 157-174. doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(02)00032-X PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Romero, OE, Dupont, LM, Wyputta, U, Jahns, S and Wefer, G (2003) Temporal variability of fluxes of eolian-transported freshwater diatoms, phytoliths, and pollen grains off Cape Blanc as reflection of land-atmosphere-ocean interactions in northwest Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 108(C5). 3153. doi:10.1029/2000JC000375 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rommerskirchen, F, Eglinton, G, Dupont, LM, Güntner, U, Wenzel, C and Rullkötter, J (2003) A north to south transect of Holocene southeast Atlantic continental margin sediments: Relationship between aerosol transport and compound-specific d13C land plant biomarker and pollen records. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 4(12). 1101. doi:10.1029/2003GC000541 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhao, M, Dupont, LM, Eglinton, G and Teece, M (2003) n-Alkane and pollen reconstruction of terrestrial climate and vegetation for N.W. Africa over the last 160 kyr. Organic Geochemistry, 34(1). 131-143. doi:10.1016/S0146-6380(02)00142-0

Eglinton, TI, Eglinton, G, Dupont, LM, Sholkovitz, ER, Montluçon, D and Reddy, CM (2002) Composition, age, and provenance of organic matter in NW African dust over the Atlantic Ocean. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 3(8). 1-27. doi:10.1029/2001GC000269

Dupont, LM, Donner, B, Schneider, RR and Wefer, G (2001) Mid-Pleistocene environmental change in tropical Africa began as early as 1.05 Ma (palynological results of ODP Sites 1075). Geology, 29(3). 195-198.

Shi, N, Schneider, RR, Beug, HJ and Dupont, LM (2001) Southeast trade wind variations during the last 135 kyr: evidence from pollen spectra in eastern South Atlantic sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 187(3-4). 311-321. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00267-9 PANGAEA Supplementary Data