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Dr. Jan-Berend Stuut

Associated Research Staff


+31 222 369-405



NIOZ - Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (Marine Geology)

Jan-Berend Stuut

Research Interests

Aeolian dust is the main research topic I have been working on since my PhD;

My approach is a sedimentological one: the wind is a very selective transport mechanism that has a strong impact on the material it carries from source to sink, and on its particle-size distributions:
* coarse particles won't be picked up
* fine particles will be kept in suspension

Therefore, wind-blown deposits have a very-well sorted size distribution that decreases from proximal (close to the source) to distal (far away from the source).

If we can recognise and quantify wind-blown particles in deep-sea sediments (and obviously we claim that we can) they can tell us something about the environmental conditions in the source area at the time of deposition.

In addition I try to find support for the inferences made on the physical properties using (bio)geochemical and mineralogical proxies.

This approach resulted in a number of papers that you'll find listed on this page.

For more information please visit my website at www.stuut.tv and/or www.nioz.nl/dust

In November 2015 we'll set sail to the equatorial East Atlantic, on board the RV Maria S Merian. Through this blog you can follow our adventures at sea!

Curriculum Vitae

Sep 2011 - presentSenior scientist at NIOZ - Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (Marine Geology)
Also affiliated with MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen, Germany
Sep 2009 - Sep 2011Tenure-track scientist at NIOZ - Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (Marine Geology)
Jul 2005 - Aug 2009Post-doctoral researcher in NEBROC
Mar 2002 - Jun 2005Post-doctoral researcher in RCOM-C3: Sedimentation processes on the Chilean continental margin
Nov 2001 - Feb 2002Lab assistant in the Sedimentology Lab of VU Amsterdam, the Netherlands
May 1997 - Nov 2001PhD student at Utrecht University (Faculty of Earth Sciences) and NIOZ - Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (Marine Geology)
Jan - Aug 2004ERASMUS Internship at the Laboratory for Marine Geology and Physical Oceanography, Patras University, Greece
Sep 1990 - Aug 1996Bacholor's and Master's equivalent studies at Utrecht University, Faculty of Earth Sciences. (Marine Geology and Sedimentology) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculty of Earth Sciences (Hydrogeology)

Peer-reviewed publications

Catia Carreira, Tim Piel, Marc Staal, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Mathias Middelboe, Corina Brussaard
Microscale spatial distributions of microbes and viruses in intertidal photosynthetic microbial mats.
Springer Plus 4 239-250
2001 - 2014
Peter Knippertz & Jan-Berend W. Stuut (2014)
Edited Book: Mineral dust - a key player in the Earth System
Springer ISBN 978-94-017-8977-6
Jan-Berend W. Stuut (2014)
Chapter 17: Subaquatic dust records
in: Peter Knippertz & Jan-Berend W. Stuut (editors) Mineral dust - a key player in the Earth System. Springer 443-462
Claire L. McKay, Helena L. Filipsson, Oscar E. Romero, Jan-Berend W. Stuut , Barbara Donner
Pelagic-benthic coupling within an upwelling system of the subtropical northeast Atlantic over the last 35 ka BP (2014)
Quaternary Science Reviews 106 299-315
Ute Merkel, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Gisela Winckler, Denis-Didier Rousseau (guest editors)
PAGES Newsletter 22-2 (October 2014)
Patrick De Deckker, Chris I. Munday, Jochen Brocks, Tadhg O'Loinsigh, Gwen E. Allison, Geoff E. Hope, Mark Norman, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Nigel J. Tapper, Sander van der Kaars (2014)
Characterisation of the major dust storm that traversed over eastern Australia in September 2009; a multidisciplinary approach.
Aeolian Research 15 133-149 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2014.07.003
Janna Just, Enno Schefuss, Holger Kuhlmann, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Jürgen Pätzold (2014) Climate induced sub-basin source-area shifts of Zambezi River sediments over the past 17ka.
Palaeo³ 410 190-199 hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.05.045
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Felix Temmesfeld, Patrick De Deckker (2014)
A 550 kyr record of aeolian activity near North West Cape, Australia: inferences from grain-size distributions and bulk chemistry of SE Indian Ocean deep-sea sediments
Quaternary Science Reviews 83 83-94 DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.11.003
Gaudenz Deplazes, Andreas Lückge, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Jürgen Pätzold, Holger Kuhlmann, Dorothée Husson, Mara Fant, Gerald H. Haug (2014)
Weakening and strengthening of the Indian monsoon during Heinrich events and Dansgaard-Oeschger oscillations.
Paleoceanography 29(2) 99-114 DOI: 10.1002/2013PA002509
Sabine K. Lengger, Mariska Kraaij, Marianne Baas, RIk Tjallingii, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Ellen C. Hopmans, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Stefan Schouten (2013)
Differential degradation of intact polar and core glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether lipids upon post-depositional oxidation
Organic Geochemistry 65 83-93 DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2013.10.004
Inka Meyer, Gareth R. Davies, Christoph Vogt, Holger Kuhlmann, Jan-Berend W. Stuut (2013)
Changing rainfall patterns in NW Africa since the Younger Dryas
Aeolian Research 10 111-123 DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2013.03.003
David McGee, Peter B. deMenocal, Gisela Winckler, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Louis I. Bradtmiller (2013)
The magnitude, timing and abruptness of changes in North African dust deposition over the last 20,000 years
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 371-372 p. 163-176 DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.03.054
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Matthias Prange, Ute Merkel, Silke Steph (2012)
Tropical Oceans
Book chapter in: Sarah E. Metcalfe & David J. Nash (eds.) Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics p. 47-78
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Peter A. Kershaw (2012)
Controversies in the late Quaternary of the Southern Hemisphere
Special Volume in Quaternary International
Sébastien Bertrand, Konrad Hughen, Frank Lamy, Rodrigo Fernandez, John Anderson, Julia Smith Wellner, Jan-Berend Stuut, Fernando Torrejón, Carina Lange (2012)
Precipitation as the main driver of Neoglacial fluctuations of Gualas glacier, Northern Patagonian Icefield
Climate of the Past 8 519-534 DOI:10.5194/cp-8-519-2012
Jan-Berend Stuut, Ute Merkel and Denis Rousseau (2012)
Challenges in understanding past and present eolian dust dynamics
EOS Transactions AGU 93, 19 DOI:10.1029/2012EO190010
Menno Bloemsma, Matthias Zabel, Jan-Berend Stuut, Rik Tjallingii, James Collins, Gert Jan Weltje (2012)
Modelling the joint variability of grain size and chemical composition in sediments
Sedimentary Geology 280 p. 135-148 DOI:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2012.04.009
Corrigendum in 2013
Sedimentary Geology 284-285 p. 214 DOI:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2012.12.001
Mieke Thierens, Hans Pirlet, Christophe Colin, Kris Latruwe, Frank Vanhaecke, Jonathan Lee, Jan-Berend Stuut, Jürgen Titschack, Veerle Huvenne, Boris Dorschel, Andrew Wheeler, and Jean-Pierre Henriet (2012)
Ice-rafting from the British-Irish ice sheet since the earliest Pleistocene (2.6 million years ago): implications for long-term mid-latitudinal ice-sheet growth in the North Atlantic region
Quaternary Science Reviews DOI:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.020
Charlotte Skonieczny, Aloys Bory, V. Bout-Roumazeilles, W. Abouchami, S.J.G. Galer, Xavier Crosta, Jan-Berend Stuut, Inka Meyer, Isabelle Chiapello, T. Podvin, B. Chatenet, A. Diallo, T. Ndiaye (2011)
The 7-13 March 2006 major Saharan outbreak: Multi-proxy characterization of mineral dust deposited on the West African margin
Journal of Geophysical Research 116 D18210 DOI:10.1029/2011JD016173
Mahyar Mohtadi, Delia Oppo, Stephan Steinke, Jan-Berend Stuut, Ricardo de Pol-Holz, Dierk Hebbeln, Andreas Lückge (2011)
Glacial to Holocene swings of the Australian-Indonesian monsoon
Nature-Geoscience 4(8) 540-544 DOI:10.1038/ngeo1209
Inka Meyer, Gareth Davies, Jan-Berend Stuut (2011)
Grain-size control on Sr-Nd isotope provenance studies and impact on paleoclimate reconstructions: an example from deep-sea sediments offshore NW Africa
12(3) DOI:10.1029/2010gc003355
Helena L. Filipsson, Oscar E. Romero, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Barbara Donner (2011)
Relationships between primary productivity and bottom-water oxygenation off northwest Africa during the last deglaciation.
Journal of Quaternary Science 26(4), 448-456 DOI:10.1002/jqs.1473
Cornelia Saukel, Frank Lamy, Jan-Berend Stuut, Ralf Tiedemann, Christoph Vogt (2011)
Distribution and provenance of wind-blown SE Pacific surface sediments
Marine Geology, 280, 130-142 DOI:10.1016/j.margeo.2010.12.006
Jean Nizou, Till J.J. Hanebuth, Dave Heslop, Tillmann Schwenk, Luisa Palamenghi, Jan-Berend Stuut, Rüdiger Henrich (2010)
The Senegal River mud belt: a high-resolution archive of paleoclimatic change and coastal evolution
Marine Geology 278, 150-164 DOI:10.1016/j.margeo.2010.10.002
Claudia Wienberg, Norbert Frank, Kenneth N. Mertens, Jan-Berend Stuut, Margarita Marchant, Jan Fietzke, Furu Mienis, Dierk Hebbeln (2010)
Glacial cold-water coral growth in the Gulf of Cádiz: implications of increased paleo-productivity
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 298, 405-416 DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.08.017
Stefan Mulitza, David Heslop, Daniela Pittauerova, Helmut W. Fischer, Inka Meyer, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Matthias Zabel, Gesine Mollenhauer, James A. Collins, Henning Kuhnert, Michael Schulz (2010)
Increase in African dust flux at the onset of commercial agriculture in the Sahel region.
Nature 466, 226-228 DOI:10.1038/nature 09213
Mieke Thierens, Jürgen Titschack, Boris Dorschel, Veerle A.I. Huvenne, Andrew J. Wheeler, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Rory O’Donnell (2010)
The 2.6 Ma depositional sequence from the Challenger cold-water coral carbonate mound (IODP Exp. 307): Sediment contributors and hydrodynamic palaeo-environments
Marine Geology 271 p 260-277 DOI:10.1016/j.margeo.2010.02.021
John S. Compton, Caren Herbert, M. Timm Hoffman, Ralph Schneider & Jan-Berend Stuut (2010)
A tenfold increase in the Orange River mean Holocene mud flux: implications for soil erosion in South Africa
The Holocene 20 p 115-122 DOI:10.1177/0959683609348860
Dana Pittauerová, Stefan Mulitza, Bernd Hettwig, Wissam Chehade, Gesine Mollenhauer, Jan-Berend Stuut & Helmut W. Fischer (in press): Application of self-absorption correction method in gamma spectroscopy for 210Pb and 137Cs sediment chronology on the continental slope off NW Africa
Radioprotection 44 (5) p 457-461 DOI:10.1051/radiopro/20095085
Ulrich Alt-Epping, Jan-Berend Stuut, Dierk Hebbeln & Ralph Schneider (2009)
Variations in sediment provenance during the past 3000 years off the Tagus River, Portugal
Marine Geology 261 p 82-91 DOI:10.1016/j.margeo.2008.11.008
Helen V. McGregor, Lydie Dupont, Jan-Berend W. Stuut & Holger Kuhlmann (2009)
Vegetation change, goats, and religion: a 2000-year history of land use in southern Morocco
Quaternary Science Reviews 28 p 1434-1448 DOI:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.02.012
Xingqi Liu, Hailiang Dong, Xiangdong Yang, Ulrike Herzschuh, Enlou Zhang, Jan-Berend W. Stuut & Yongbo Wang (2009)
Late Holocene forcing of the Asian winter and summer monsoon as evidenced by proxy records from the northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 280 p 276-284 DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.01.041
Jan-Berend Stuut, Ian Smalley & Ken O'Hara Dhandt (2009)
Aeolian dust in Europe: African sources and European deposits
Quaternary International 198 p 234-245 DOI:10.1016/j.quaint.2008.10.007
Patrick De Deckker, Raeid Abed, Dirk de Beer, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, Tadhg O’Loingsigh, Enno Schefuss, Jan-Berend Stuut, Nigel Tapper & Sander van der Kaars (2008)
Geochemical and microbiological fingerprinting of airborne dust that fell in Canberra, Australia in October 2002
9, Q12Q10 DOI:10.1029/2008GC002091
Stefan Mulitza, Matthias Prange, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Matthias Zabel, Tilo von Dobeneck, Achakie C. Itambi, Jean Nizou, Michael Schulz & Gerold Wefer (2008)
Sahel megadroughts triggered by glacial slowdowns of Atlantic meridional overturning
Paleoceanography 23 PA4206 DOI:10.1029/2008PA001637
Rik Tjallingii, Martin Claussen, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Jens Fohlmeister, Alexandra Jahn, Torsten Bickert, Frank Lamy & Ursula Röhl (2008)
Coherent high- and low latitude control of the Northwest African hydrological balance
Nature Geoscience 1(10), pp 670-675 DOI:10.1038/ngeo289
Jan-Berend Stuut, Stefan Mulitza & Matthias Prange (2008)
Challenges to Understanding Past and Future Climate in Africa
EOS Transactions AGU 89-21, pp 196 DOI:10.1029/2008EO210007
Yvonne Hamann, Werner Ehrmann, Gerhard Schmiedl, Stefan Krüger, Jan-Berend Stuut & Tanja Kuhnt (2008)
Sedimentation Processes in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea during the Late Glacial and Holocene revealed by end-member modelling of the terrigenous fraction in marine sediments
Marine Geology 248 (1-2), pp 97-114 DOI:10.1016/j.margeo.2007.10.009
Shiming Wan, Anchun Li, Peter D. Clift & Jan-Berend W. Stuut (2007)
Development of the East Asian monsoon: Mineralogical and Sedimentological records in the northern South China Sea since 15 Ma
Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 254, pp 561-582 DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.07.009
Christine Holz, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Helge Meggers & Rüdiger Henrich (2007)
Variability in terrigenous sedimentation processes off northwest Africa and its relation to climatic changes: inferences from grain-size distributions of a Holocene marine sediment record
Sedimentary Geology 202, pp 499-508 DOI:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2007.03.015
Christine Zühlsdorff, Katarina Wien, Jan-Berend W. Stuut & Rüdiger Henrich (2007)
Late Quaternary sedimentation within a submarine channel-levee system offshore Cap Timiris, Mauritania
Marine Geology 240 (1), pp 217-234 DOI:10.1016/j.margeo.2007.02.005
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Sabine Kasten, Frank Lamy & Dierk Hebbeln (2007)
Sources and modes of terrigenous sediment input to the Chilean continental slope
Quaternary International 161, pp 67-76 DOI:10.1016/j.quaint.2006.10.041
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Margarita Marchant, Jérôme Kaiser, Frank Lamy, Mahyar Mohtadi, Oscar Romero & Dierk Hebbeln (2006)
The Late Quaternary paleoenvironment of Chile as seen from marine archives
Geographica Helvetica 61-2, pp 35-5
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Matthias Zabel, Gaute Lavik, Enno Schefuß, Volker Ratmeyer & Ralph R. Schneider (2005)
Provenance of present-day eolian dust collected off NW Africa: implications for deep-marine sediment studies
JGR - Atmospheres 110 D04202 DOI:10.1029/2004JD005161
Jan-Berend W. Stuut & Frank Lamy (2004)
Climate variability at the southern boundaries of the Namib (Southwestern Africa) and Atacama (Northern Chile) coastal Deserts
Quaternary Research 62 (3) pp. 301-309 DOI:10.1016/j.yqres.2004.08.001
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Xavier Crosta, Klaas van der Borg & Ralph R. Schneider (2004)
Relationship between Antarctic sea ice and southwest African climate during the Late Quaternary
Geology 32 (10) pp. 909-912 DOI:10.1130?G20709.1
Christine Holz, Jan-Berend W. Stuut & Rüdiger Henrich (2004)
Terrigenous sedimentation processes along the continental margin off NW-Africa: implications from grain-size analysis of surface sediments
Sedimentology 51, pp. 1145-1154 DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3091.2004.00665.x
Bas West, J.H. Fred Jansen & Jan-Berend W. Stuut (2004)
Surface water conditions in the Northern Benguela region (SE Atlantic) during the last 450 ky reconstructed from assemblages of planktonic foraminifera
Marine Micropaleontology 51, pp. 321-344 DOI:10.1016/j.marmicro.2004.01.004
Michael Frenz, René Höppner, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Thomas Wagner & Rüdiger Henrich (2004)
Surface sediment bulk geochemistry and grain-size composition related to the oceanic circulation along the South American continental margin in the Southwest Atlantic
in: Gerold Wefer, Stefan Mulitza, & Volker Ratmeyer (Eds.):
The South Atlantic in the Late Quaternary: Reconstruction of Material Budgets and Current Systems. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 347-373
Enno Schefuß, Volker Ratmeyer, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, J.H. Fred Jansen & Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté (2003)
Carbon isotope analysis of N-alkanes in dust from the lower atmosphere over the central eastern Atlantic
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67 (10), pp 1757-1767 DOI:10.1016/S0016-7037(02)01414-X
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Maarten A. Prins & J. H. Fred Jansen (2002)
Fast reconnaisance of carbonate dissolution based on the size distribution of calcareous ooze on Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic Ocean
Marine Geology 190 (3-4), pp 563-571 DOI:10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00478-4
Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Maarten A. Prins, Ralph R. Schneider, Gert Jan Weltje, J.H. Fred Jansen & George Postma (2002)
A 300-kyr record of aridity and wind strength in southwestern Africa: inferences from grain-size distributions of sediments on Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic
Marine Geology 180, pp 221-233 DOI:10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00215-8
Jan-Berend W. Stuut (2001)
Late Quaternary SW African terrestrial-climate signals in the marine record of Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic Ocean.
Geologica Ultraiectina 212, Ph.D. thesis, 128 pp (link to Univ. Utrecht library)