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Abrantes, FF, Santos, C, Ventura, C, Voelker, A and Röhl, U (2017) Data report: IODP Expedition 339 Site U1391: an improved splice and preliminary age model on the basis of XRF data. In: Stow, DAV, Hernández-Molina, FJ, Alvarez Zarikian, CA and Expedition 339 Scientists (eds.) Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 339. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.. doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.339.203.2017

Badia, A, Jorba, O, Voulgarakis, A, Dabdub, D, Pérez García-Pando, C, Hilboll, A, Gonçalves, M and Janjic, Z (2017) Description and evaluation of the Multiscale Online Nonhydrostatic AtmospheRe CHemistry model (NMMB-MONARCH) version 1.0: gas-phase chemistry at global scale. Geoscientific Model Development, 10(2). 609-638. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-609-2017

Batenburg, SJ, Friedrich, O, Kazuyoshi, M, Voigt, S, Cournède, C, Moebius, I, Blum, P, Bornemann, A, Fiebig, J, Hasegawa, T, Hull, PM, Norris, RD, Röhl, U, Sexton, PF, Westerhold, T, Wilson, PA and IODP Expedition 342 Scientists (2017) Late Maastrichtian carbon isotope stratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy of the Newfoundland Margin (Site U1403, IODP Leg 342). Newsletters on Stratigraphy. doi:10.1127/nos/2017/0398

Benjamin, J, Rovere, A, Fontana, A, Furlani, S, Vacchi, M, Inglis, RH, Galili, E, Antonioli, F, Sivan, D, Miko, S, Mourtzas, N, Felja, I, Meredith-Williams, M, Goodman-Tchernov, B, Kolaiti, E, Anzidei, M and Gehrels, R (2017) Late Quaternary sea-level changes and early human societies in the central and eastern Mediterranean Basin: An interdisciplinary review. Quaternary International, 449. 29-57. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.025

Breckenfelder, T, Rhein, M, Roessler, A, Böning, CW, Biastoch, A, Behrens, E and Mertens, C (2017) Flow paths and variability of the North Atlantic Current: A comparison of observations and a high-resolution model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122(4). 2686-2708. doi:10.1002/2016JC012444

Brocks, JJ, Jarrett, AJM, Sirantoine, E, Hallmann, C, Hoshino, Y and Liyanage, T (2017) The rise of algae in Cryogenian oceans and the emergence of animals. Nature, 548(7669). 578-581. doi:10.1038/nature23457

Butzin, M, Köhler, P and Lohmann, G (2017) Marine radiocarbon reservoir age simulations for the past 50,000 years. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(16). 8473-8480. doi:10.1002/2017GL074688 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Campos, MC, Chiessi, CM, Voigt, I, Piola, AR, Kuhnert, H and Mulitza, S (2017) δ13C decreases in the upper western South Atlantic during Heinrich Stadials 3 and 2. Climate of the Past, 13(4). 345-358. doi:10.5194/cp-13-345-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Chen, L, Heslop, D, Roberts, AP, Chang, L, Zhao, X, McGregor, HV, Marino, G, Rodriguez-Sanz, L, Rohling, EJ and Pälike, H (2017) Remanence acquisition efficiency in biogenic and detrital magnetite and recording of geomagnetic paleointensity. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 18(4). 1435-1450. doi:10.1002/2016GC006753

De Vleeschouwer, D, Dunlea, AG, Auer, G, Anderson, CH, Brumsack, HJ, de Loach, A, Gurnis, M, Huh, Y, Ishiwa, T, Jang, K, Kominz, MA, März, C, Schnetger, B, Murray, RW and Pälike, H (2017) Quantifying K, U, and Th contents of marine sediments using shipboard natural gamma radiation spectra measured on DV JOIDES Resolution. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 18(3). 1053-1064. doi:10.1002/2016GC006715 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

De Vleeschouwer, D, Vahlenkamp, M, Crucifix, M and Pälike, H (2017) Alternating Southern and Northern Hemisphere climate response to astronomical forcing during the past 35 m.y. Geology, 45(4). 375-378. doi:10.1130/G38663.1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Drury, AJ, Westerhold, T, Frederichs, T, Tian, J, Wilkens, R, Channell, JET, Evans, H, John, CM, Lyle, M and Röhl, U (2017) Late Miocene climate and time scale reconcilation: Accurate orbital calibration from a deep-sea perspective. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 475. 254-266. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.07.038 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dubois-Dauphin, Q, Montagna, P, Siani, G, Douville, E, Wienberg, C, Hebbeln, D, Liu, Z, Kallel, N, Dapoigny, A, Revel, M, Pons-Branchu, E, Taviani, M and Colin, C (2017) Hydrological variations of the intermediate water masses of the western Mediterranean Sea during the past 20 ka inferred from neodymium isotopic composition in foraminifera and cold-water corals. Climate of the Past, 13(1). 17-37. doi:10.5194/cp-13-17-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM and Kuhlmann, H (2017) Glacial-interglacial vegetation change in the Zambezi catchment. Quaternary Science Reviews, 155. 127-135. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.019 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Erokhina, O, Rogozhina, I, Prange, M, Bakker, P, Bernales, J, Paul, A and Schulz, M (2017) Dependence of slope lapse rate over the Greenland ice sheet on background climate. Journal of Glaciology, 63(239). 568-572. doi:10.1017/jog.2017.10

Evans, TW, Wörmer, L, Lever, MA, Lipp, JS, Lagostina, L, Lin, YS, Jørgensen, BB and Hinrichs, KU (2017) Size and composition of subseafloor microbial community in the Benguela upwelling area examined from intact membrane lipid and DNA analysis. Organic Geochemistry, 111. 86-100. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2017.06.008

Friese, CA, van Hateren, JA, Vogt, C, Fischer, G and Stuut, JBW (2017) Seasonal provenance changes in present-day Saharan dust collected in and off Mauritania. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(16). 10163-10193. doi:10.5194/acp-2017-131 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Graham, AGC, Kuhn, G, Meisel, O, Hillenbrand, CD, Hodgson, DA, Ehrmann, W, Wacker, L, Wintersteller, P, dos Santos Ferreira, C, Römer, M, White, D and Bohrmann, G (2017) Major advance of South Georgia glaciers during the Antarctic Cold Reversal following extensive sub-Antarctic glaciation. Nature Communications, 8. 14798. doi:10.1038/ncomms14798 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Grant, KM, Rohling, EJ, Westerhold, T, Zabel, M, Heslop, D, Konijnendijk, T and Lourens, L (2017) A 3 million year index for North African humidity/aridity and the implication of potential pan-African Humid periods. Quaternary Science Reviews, 171. 100-118. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.07.005

Gronholz, A, Gräwe, U, Paul, A and Schulz, M (2017) Investigating the effects of a summer storm on the North Sea stratification using a regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Ocean Dynamics, 67(2). 211-235. doi:10.1007/s10236-016-1023-2

Gu, F, Zonneveld, KAF, Chiessi, CM, Arz, HW, Pätzold, J and Behling, H (2017) Long-term vegetation, climate and ocean dynamics inferred from a 73,500 years old marine sediment core (GeoB2107-3) off southern Brazil. Quaternary Science Reviews, 172. 55-71. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.06.028

Gutjahr, M, Ridgwell, A, Sexton, PF, Anagnostou, E, Pearson, PN, Pälike, H, Norris, RD, Thomas, E and Foster, GL (2017) Very large release of mostly volcanic carbon during the Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum. Nature, 548(7669). 573-577. doi:10.1038/nature23646

Hahn, A, Schefuß, E, Andò, S, Cawthra, HC, Frenzel, P, Kugel, M, Meschner, S, Mollenhauer, G and Zabel, M (2017) Southern Hemisphere anticyclonic circulation drives oceanic and climatic conditions in late Holocene southernmost Africa. Climate of the Past, 13(6). 649-665. doi:10.5194/cp-13-649-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hasenclever, J, Knorr, G, Rüpke, LH, Köhler, P, Morgan, J, Garofalo, K, Barker, S, Lohmann, G and Hall, IR (2017) Sea level fall during glaciation stabilized atmospheric CO2 by enhanced volcanic degassing. Nature Communications, 8. 15867. doi:10.1038/ncomms15867 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hemingway, JD, Schefuß, E, Spencer, RGM, Dinga, BJ, Eglinton, TI, McIntyre, C and Galy, VV (2017) Hydrologic controls on seasonal and inter-annual variability of Congo River particulate organic matter source and reservoir age. Chemical Geology, 466. 454-465. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.06.034 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hernández-Almeida, I, Cortese, G, Yu, PS, Chen, MT and Kucera, M (2017) Environmental determinants of radiolarian assemblages in the western Pacific since the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography, 32(8). 830-847. doi:10.1002/2017PA003159 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Herrmann, N, Boom, A, Carr, AS, Chase, BM, West, AG, Zabel, M and Schefuß, E (2017) Hydrogen isotope fractionation of leaf wax n -alkanes in southern African soils. Organic Geochemistry, 109. 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2017.03.008 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hodell, DA, Nicholl, JA, Bontognali, TRR, Danino, S, Dorador, J, Dowdeswell, JA, Einsle, J, Kuhlmann, H, Martrat, B, Mleneck-Vautravers, MJ, Rodríguez-Tovar, FJ and Röhl, U (2017) Anatomy of Heinrich Layer 1 and its role in the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography. doi:10.1002/2016PA003028

Hoetzel, S, Dupont, LM, Marret, F, Jung, G and Wefer, G (2017) Steps in the intensification of Benguela upwelling over the Walvis Ridge during Miocene and Pliocene. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 1-13. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1309-0 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Huang, X, Stärz, M, Gohl, K, Knorr, G and Lohmann, G (2017) Impact of Weddell Sea shelf progradation on Antarctic bottom water formation during the Miocene. Paleoceanography, 32(3). 304-317. doi:10.1002/2016PA002987 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Jackson, R, Carlson, AE, Hillaire-Marcel, C, Wacker, L, Vogt, C and Kucera, M (2017) Asynchronous instability of the North American-Arctic and Greenland ice sheets during the last deglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 164. 140-153. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.03.020 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Jaeschke, A, Wengler, M, Hefter, J, Ronge, TA, Geibert, W, Mollenhauer, G, Gersonde, R and Lamy, F (2017) A biomarker perspective on dust, productivity, and sea surface temperature in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 204. 120-139. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2017.01.045 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Jonkers, L and Kučera, M (2017) Quantifying the effect of seasonal and vertical habitat tracking on planktonic foraminifera proxies. Climate of the Past, 13(6). 573-586. doi:10.5194/cp-13-573-2017

Karas, C, Nürnberg, D, Bahr, A, Groeneveld, J, Herrle, JO, Tiedemann, R and deMenocal, PB (2017) Pliocene oceanic seaways and global climate. Scientific Reports, 7. 39842. doi:10.1038/srep39842

Kurahashi-Nakamura, T, Paul, A and Losch, M (2017) Dynamical reconstruction of the global ocean state during the Last Glacial Maximum. Paleoceanography, 32(4). 326-350. doi:10.1002/2016PA003001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Lattaud, J, Dorhout, D, Schulz, H, Castañeda, IS, Schefuß, E, Sinninghe Damsté, JS and Schouten, S (2017) The C-32 alkane-1,15-diol as a proxy of late Quaternary riverine input in coastal margins. Climate of the Past, 13(8). 1049-1061. doi:10.5194/cp-13-1049-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Lembke-Jene, L, Tiedemann, R, Nürnberg, D, Kokfelt, U, Kozdon, R, Max, L, Röhl, U and Gorbarenko, SA (2017) Deglacial variability in Okhotsk Sea Intermediate Water ventilation and biogeochemistry: Implications for North Pacific nutrient supply and productivity. Quaternary Science Reviews, 160. 116-137. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.01.016

Liebrand, D, de Bakker, ATM, Beddow, HM, Wilson, PA, Bohaty, SM, Ruessink, G, Pälike, H, Batenburg, SJ, Hilgen, FJ, Hodell, DA, Huck, CE, Kroon, D, Raffi, I, Saes, MJM, van Dijk, AE and Lourens, LJ (2017) Evolution of the early Antarctic ice ages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(15). 3867-3872. doi:10.1073/pnas.1615440114

Liu, J, Steinke, S, Vogt, C, Mohtadi, M, de Pol-Holz, R and Hebbeln, D (2017) Temporal and spatial patterns of sediment deposition in the northern South China Sea over the last 50,000years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 465. 212-224. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.033 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Liu, X, Rendle-Bühring, R and Henrich, R (2017) Geochemical composition of Tanzanian shelf sediments indicates Holocene climatic and sea-level changes. Quaternary Research, 87(03). 442-454. doi:10.1017/qua.2017.12 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Liu, X, Rendle-Bühring, R, Kuhlmann, H and Li, A (2017) Two phases of the Holocene East African Humid Period: Inferred from a high-resolution geochemical record off Tanzania. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 460. 123-134. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.12.016 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Lohmann, G (2017) Atmospheric bridge on orbital time scales. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 128(3-4). 709-718. doi:10.1007/s00704-015-1725-2

Lorscheid, T, Stocchi, P, Casella, E, Gómez-Pujol, L, Vacchi, M, Mann, T and Rovere, A (2017) Paleo sea-level changes and relative sea-level indicators: Precise measurements, indicative meaning and glacial isostatic adjustment perspectives from Mallorca (Western Mediterranean). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 473. 94-107. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.02.028

Lucassen, F, Pritzkow, W, Rosner, M, Sepúlveda, F, Vásquez, P, Wilke, H and Kasemann, SA (2017) The stable isotope composition of nitrogen and carbon and elemental contents in modern and fossil seabird guano from Northern Chile – Marine sources and diagenetic effects. PLOS ONE, 12(6). e0179440. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0179440

Max, L, Rippert, N, Lembke-Jene, L, Mackensen, A, Nürnberg, D and Tiedemann, R (2017) Evidence for enhanced convection of North Pacific Intermediate Water to the low-latitude Pacific under glacial conditions. Paleoceanography, 32(1). 41-55. doi:10.1002/2016PA002994 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Meyer, VD, Hefter, J, Lohmann, G, Max, L, Tiedemann, R and Mollenhauer, G (2017) Summer temperature evolution on the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Far East, during the past 20 000 years. Climate of the Past, 13(4). 359-377. doi:10.5194/cp-13-359-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Morard, R, Lejzerowicz, F, Darling, KF, Lecroq-Bennet, B, Winther Pedersen, M, Orlando, L, Pawlowski, J, Mulitza, S, de Vargas, C and Kucera, M (2017) Planktonic foraminifera-derived environmental DNA extracted from abyssal sediments preserves patterns of plankton macroecology. Biogeosciences, 14(11). 2741-2754. doi:10.5194/bg-14-2741-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mulitza, S, Chiessi, CM, Schefuß, E, Lippold, J, Wichmann, D, Antz, B, Mackensen, A, Paul, A, Prange, M, Rehfeld, K, Werner, M, Bickert, T, Frank, N, Kuhnert, H, Lynch-Stieglitz, J, Portilho-Ramos, RC, Sawakuchi, AO, Schulz, M, Schwenk, T, Tiedemann, R, Vahlenkamp, M and Zhang, Y (2017) Synchronous and proportional deglacial changes in Atlantic meridional overturning and northeast Brazilian precipitation. Paleoceanography, 32(6). 622-633. doi:10.1002/2017PA003084 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Munz, PM, Lückge, A, Siccha, M, Böll, A, Forke, S, Kucera, M and Schulz, H (2017) The Indian winter monsoon and its response to external forcing over the last two and a half centuries. Climate Dynamics, 49(5-6). 1801-1812. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3403-1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Munz, PM, Steinke, S, Böll, A, Lückge, A, Groeneveld, J, Kucera, M and Schulz, H (2017) Decadal resolution record of Oman upwelling indicates solar forcing of the Indian summer monsoon (9–6 ka). Climate of the Past, 13(5). 491-509. doi:10.5194/cp-13-491-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Nelson, DB, Knohl, A, Sachse, D, Schefuß, E and Kahmen, A (2017) Sources and abundances of leaf waxes in aerosols in central Europe. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 198. 299-314. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.11.018 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Pittauer, D, Tims, SG, Froehlich, MB, Fifield, LK, Wallner, A, McNeil, SD and Fischer, HW (2017) Continuous transport of Pacific-derived anthropogenic radionuclides towards the Indian Ocean. Scientific Reports, 7. 44679. doi:10.1038/srep44679 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Portilho-Ramos, RC, Chiessi, CM, Zhang, Y, Mulitza, S, Kucera, M, Siccha, M, Prange, M and Paul, A (2017) Coupling of equatorial Atlantic surface stratification to glacial shifts in the tropical rainbelt. Scientific Reports, 7(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-017-01629-z PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Raddatz, J, Nürnberg, D, Tiedemann, R and Rippert, N (2017) Southeastern marginal West Pacific Warm Pool sea-surface and thermocline dynamics during the Pleistocene (2.5–0.5 Ma). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 471. 144-156. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.01.024

Rebotim, A, Voelker, AHL, Jonkers, L, Waniek, JJ, Meggers, H, Schiebel, R, Fraile, I, Schulz, M and Kucera, M (2017) Factors controlling the depth habitat of planktonic foraminifera in the subtropical eastern North Atlantic. Biogeosciences, 14(4). 827-859. doi:10.5194/bg-14-827-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rimbu, N, Lohmann, G, Werner, M and Ionita, M (2017) Links between central Greenland stable isotopes, blocking and extreme climate variability over Europe at decadal to multidecadal time scales. Climate Dynamics, 49(1-2). 649-663. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3365-3

Rubin-Blum, M, Antony, CP, Borowski, C, Sayavedra, L, Pape, T, Sahling, H, Bohrmann, G, Kleiner, M, Redmond, MC, Valentine, DL and Dubilier, N (2017) Short-chain alkanes fuel mussel and sponge Cycloclasticus symbionts from deep-sea gas and oil seeps. Nature Microbiology, 2. 17093. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.93

Saavedra-Pellitero, M, Baumann, KH, Ullermann, J and Lamy, F (2017) Marine Isotope Stage 11 in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean; a coccolithophore perspective. Quaternary Science Reviews, 158. 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.12.020 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Santos, TP, Lessa, DO, Venancio, IM, Chiessi, CM, Mulitza, S, Kuhnert, H, Govin, A, Machado, T, Costa, KB, Toledo, F, Dias, BB and Albuquerque, ALS (2017) Prolonged warming of the Brazil Current precedes deglaciations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 463. 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.01.014 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Schrod, J, Weber, D, Drücke, J, Keleshis, C, Pikridas, M, Ebert, M, Cvetković, B, Nickovic, S, Marinou, E, Baars, H, Ansmann, A, Vrekoussis, M, Mihalopoulos, N, Sciare, J, Curtius, J and Bingemer, HG (2017) Ice nucleating particles over the Eastern Mediterranean measured by unmanned aircraft systems. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(7). 4817-4835. doi:10.5194/acp-17-4817-2017

Siccha, M and Kucera, M (2017) ForCenS, a curated database of planktonic foraminifera census counts in marine surface sediment samples. Scientific Data, 4. 170109. doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.109 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Stein, R, Fahl, K, Gierz, P, Niessen, F and Lohmann, G (2017) Arctic Ocean sea ice cover during the penultimate glacial and the last interglacial. Nature Communications, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00552-1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Stuhr, M, Reymond, CE, Rieder, V, Hallock, P, Rahnenführer, J, Westphal, H and Kucera, M (2017) Reef calcifiers are adapted to episodic heat stress but vulnerable to sustained warming. PLOS ONE, 12(7). e0179753. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0179753

Stärz, M, Jokat, W, Knorr, G and Lohmann, G (2017) Threshold in North Atlantic-Arctic Ocean circulation controlled by the subsidence of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. Nature Communications, 8. 15681. doi:10.1038/ncomms15681 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Sun, S, Schefuß, E, Mulitza, S, Chiessi, CM, Sawakuchi, AO, Zabel, M, Baker, PA, Hefter, J and Mollenhauer, G (2017) Origin and processing of terrestrial organic carbon in the Amazon system: lignin phenols in river, shelf, and fan sediments. Biogeosciences, 14(9). 2495-2512. doi:10.5194/bg-14-2495-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Tangunan, D, Baumann, KH, Pätzold, J, Henrich, R, Kucera, M, de Pol-Holz, R and Groeneveld, J (2017) Insolation forcing of coccolithophore productivity in the western tropical Indian Ocean over the last two glacial-interglacial cycles. Paleoceanography. doi:10.1002/2017PA003102 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Völpel, R, Paul, A, Krandick, A, Mulitza, S and Schulz, M (2017) Stable water isotopes in the MITgcm. Geoscientific Model Development, 10(8). 3125-3144. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-3125-2017

Walliser, EO, Lohmann, G, Niezgodzki, I and Schöne, BR (2017) Inter-annual climate variability in Europe during the Oligocene icehouse. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 475. 140-153. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.03.020

Warratz, G, Henrich, R, Voigt, I, Chiessi, CM, Kuhn, G and Lantzsch, H (2017) Deglacial changes in the strength of deep southern component water and sediment supply at the Argentine continental margin. Paleoceanography, 32(8). 796-812. doi:10.1002/2016PA003079 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Frederichs, T, Agnini, C, Raffi, I, Zachos, JC and Wilkens, RH (2017) Astronomical calibration of the Ypresian timescale: implications for seafloor spreading rates and the chaotic behavior of the solar system? Climate of the Past, 13(9). 1129-1152. doi:10.5194/cp-13-1129-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wilkens, RH, Westerhold, T, Drury, AJ, Lyle, M, Gorgas, T and Tian, J (2017) Revisiting the Ceara Rise, equatorial Atlantic Ocean: isotope stratigraphy of ODP Leg 154 from 0 to 5 Ma. Climate of the Past, 13(7). 779-793. doi:10.5194/cp-13-779-2017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wu, HC, Felis, T, Scholz, D, Giry, C, Kölling, M, Jochum, KP and Scheffers, SR (2017) Changes to Yucatán Peninsula precipitation associated with salinity and temperature extremes of the Caribbean Sea during the Maya civilization collapse. Scientific Reports, 7. 15825. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15942-0 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zeebe, RE, Westerhold, T, Littler, K and Zachos, JC (2017) Orbital forcing of the Paleocene and Eocene carbon cycle. Paleoceanography, 32(5). 440-465. doi:10.1002/2016PA003054

Zhang, Q, Wendler, I, Xu, X, Willems, H and Ding, L (2017) Structure and magnitude of the carbon isotope excursion during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Gondwana Research, 46. 114-123. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2017.02.016

Zhang, X, Knorr, G, Lohmann, G and Barker, S (2017) Abrupt North Atlantic circulation changes in response to gradual CO2 forcing in a glacial climate state. Nature Geoscience, 10(7). 518-523. doi:10.1038/NGEO2974

Zhao, X, Dupont, L, Schefuß, E, Bouimetarhan, I and Wefer, G (2017) Palynological evidence for Holocene climatic and oceanographic changes off western South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 165. 88-101. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.04.022 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Abrantes, FF, Cermeño, P, Lopes, C, Romero, OE, Matos, L, Van Iperen, J, Rufino, M and Magalhães, V (2016) Diatoms Si uptake capacity drives carbon export in coastal upwelling systems. Biogeosciences, 13(14). 4099-4109. doi:10.5194/bg-13-4099-2016 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Agnini, C, Spofforth, DJA, Dickens, GR, Rio, D, Pälike, H, Backman, J, Muttoni, G and Dallanave, E (2016) Stable isotope and calcareous nannofossil assemblage record of the late Paleocene and early Eocene (Cicogna section). Climate of the Past, 12(4). 883-909. doi:10.5194/cp-12-883-2016

Batenburg, SJ, De Vleeschouwer, D, Sprovieri, M, Hilgen, FJ, Gale, AS, Singer, BS, Koeberl, C, Coccioni, R, Claeys, P and Montanari, A (2016) Orbital control on the timing of oceanic anoxia in the Late Cretaceous. Climate of the Past, 12(10). 1995-2009. doi:10.5194/cp-12-1995-2016 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Benz, V, Esper, O, Gersonde, R, Lamy, F and Tiedemann, R (2016) Last Glacial Maximum sea surface temperature and sea-ice extent in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 146. 216-237. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.06.006 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Castañeda, IS, Schouten, S, Pätzold, J, Lucassen, F, Kasemann, SA, Kuhlmann, H and Schefuß, E (2016) Hydroclimate variability in the Nile River Basin during the past 28,000 years. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 438. 47-56. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.12.014 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Chen, W, Mohtadi, M, Schefuß, E and Mollenhauer, G (2016) Concentrations and abundance ratios of long-chain alkenones and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in sinking particles south of Java. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 112. 14-24. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.010 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Fischer, G, Romero, OE, Merkel, U, Donner, B, Iversen, MH, Nowald, N, Ratmeyer, V, Ruhland, G, Klann, M and Wefer, G (2016) Deep ocean mass fluxes in the coastal upwelling off Mauritania from 1988 to 2012: variability on seasonal to decadal timescales. Biogeosciences, 13(10). 3071-3090. doi:10.5194/bg-13-3071-2016

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Gratsea, M, Vrekoussis, M, Richter, A, Wittrock, F, Schönhardt, A, Burrows, J, Kazadzis, S, Mihalopoulos, N and Gerasopoulos, E (2016) Slant column MAX-DOAS measurements of nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, glyoxal and oxygen dimer in the urban environment of Athens. Atmospheric Environment, 135. 118-131. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.048

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Hahn, A, Compton, JS, Meyer-Jacob, C, Kirsten, KL, Lucasssen, F, Pérez Mayo, M, Schefuß, E and Zabel, M (2016) Holocene paleo-climatic record from the South African Namaqualand mudbelt: A source to sink approach. Quaternary International, 404. 121-135. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.017 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Hemingway, JD, Schefuß, E, Dinga, BJ, Pryer, H and Galy, VV (2016) Multiple plant-wax compounds record differential sources and ecosystem structure in large river catchments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 184. 20-40. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.04.003 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Herrmann, N, Boom, A, Carr, AS, Chase, BM, Granger, R, Hahn, A, Zabel, M and Schefuß, E (2016) Sources, transport and deposition of terrestrial organic material: A case study from southwestern Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 149. 215-229. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.07.028 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hockun, K, Mollenhauer, G, Ho, SL, Hefter, J, Ohlendorf, C, Zolitschka, B, Mayr, C, Lücke, A and Schefuß, E (2016) Using distributions and stable isotopes of n-alkanes to disentangle organic matter contributions to sediments of Laguna Potrok Aike, Argentina. Organic Geochemistry, 102. 110-119. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2016.10.001

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Howe, JNW, Piotrowski, AM, Oppo, DW, Huang, KF, Mulitza, S, Chiessi, CM and Blusztajn, J (2016) Antarctic intermediate water circulation in the South Atlantic over the past 25,000 years. Paleoceanography, 31(10). 1302-1314. doi:10.1002/2016PA002975 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Huck, CE, van de Flierdt, T, Jiménez-Espejo, FJ, Bohaty, SM, Röhl, U and Hammond, SJ (2016) Robustness of fossil fish teeth for seawater neodymium isotope reconstructions under variable redox conditions in an ancient shallow marine setting. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. doi:10.1002/2015GC006218 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Johnstone, HJH, Steinke, S, Kuhnert, H, Bickert, T, Pälike, H and Mohtadi, M (2016) Automated cleaning of foraminifera shells before Mg/Ca analysis using a pipette robot. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17(8). 3502-3511. doi:10.1002/2016GC006422

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Kimmritz, M, Danilov, S and Losch, M (2016) The adaptive EVP method for solving the sea ice momentum equation. Ocean Modelling, 101. 59-67. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.03.004

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Lelli, L, Weber, M and Burrows, J (2016) Evaluation of SCIAMACHY ESA/DLR Cloud Parameters Version 5.02 by Comparisons to Ground-Based and Other Satellite Data. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 4. doi:10.3389/fenvs.2016.00043

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Liu, X, Rendle-Bühring, R and Henrich, R (2016) Climate and sea-level controls on turbidity current activity on the Tanzanian upper slope during the last deglaciation and the Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 133. 15-27. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.12.002 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Liu, X, Rendle-Bühring, R, Meyer, I and Henrich, R (2016) Holocene shelf sedimentation patterns off equatorial East Africa constrained by climatic and sea-level changes. Sedimentary Geology, 331. 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2015.10.009 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Mohtadi, M, Prange, M and Steinke, S (2016) Palaeoclimatic insights into forcing and response of monsoon rainfall. Nature, 533(7602). 191-199. doi:10.1038/nature17450

Molina-Kescher, M, Frank, M, Tapia, R, Ronge, TA, Nürnberg, D and Tiedemann, R (2016) Reduced admixture of North Atlantic Deep Water to the deep central South Pacific during the last two glacial periods. Paleoceanography, 31(6). 651-668. doi:10.1002/2015PA002863 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Morard, R, Escarguel, G, Weiner, AKM, André, A, Douady, CJ, Wade, CM, Darling, KF, Ujiié, Y, Seears, HA, Quillévéré, F, de Garidel-Thoron, T, de Vargas, C and Kucera, M (2016) Nomenclature for the nameless: a proposal for an integrative molecular taxonomy of cryptic diversity exemplified by planktonic foraminifera. Systematic Biology, 65(5). 925-940. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syw031

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Niedermeyer, EM, Forrest, M, Beckmann, B, Sessions, AL, Mulch, A and Schefuß, E (2016) The stable hydrogen isotopic composition of sedimentary plant waxes as quantitative proxy for rainfall in the West African Sahel. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 184. 55-70. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.03.034 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Obert, JC, Scholz, D, Felis, T, Brocas, WM, Jochum, KP and Andreae, MO (2016) 230Th/U dating of Last Interglacial brain corals from Bonaire (southern Caribbean) using bulk and theca wall material. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 178. 20-40. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.01.011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Penman, DE, Turner, SK, Sexton, PF, Norris, RD, Dickson, AJ, Boulila, S, Ridgwell, A, Zeebe, RE, Zachos, JC, Cameron, A, Westerhold, T and Röhl, U (2016) An abyssal carbonate compensation depth overshoot in the aftermath of the Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum. Nature Geoscience. doi:10.1038/ngeo2757 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Pfeiffer, M and Lohmann, G (2016) Greenland Ice Sheet influence on Last Interglacial climate: global sensitivity studies performed with an atmosphere–ocean general circulation model. Climate of the Past, 12(6). 1313-1338. doi:10.5194/cp-12-1313-2016

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Romero, OE, Fischer, G, Karstensen, J and Cermeño, P (2016) Eddies as trigger for diatom productivity in the open-ocean Northeast Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography, 147. 38-48. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2016.07.011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Schmidt, C, Titelboim, D, Brandt, J, Herut, B, Abramovich, S, Almogi-Labin, A and Kucera, M (2016) Extremely heat tolerant photo-symbiosis in a shallow marine benthic foraminifera. Scientific Reports, 6. 30930. doi:10.1038/srep30930

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Stendardo, I, Rhein, M and Hollmann, R (2016) A high resolution salinity time series 1993-2012 in the North Atlantic from Argo and Altimeter data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(4). 2523-2551. doi:10.1002/2015JC011439

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Sutter, J, Gierz, P, Grosfeld, K, Thoma, M and Lohmann, G (2016) Ocean temperature thresholds for Last Interglacial West Antarctic Ice Sheet collapse. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(6). 2675-2682. doi:10.1002/2016GL067818

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Thierens, M, Browning, E, Pirlet, H, Loutre, MF, Dorschel, B, Huvenne, VAI, Titschack, J, Colin, C, Foubert, A and Wheeler, AJ (2013) Cold-water coral carbonate mounds as unique palaeo-archives: the Plio-Pleistocene Challenger Mound record (NE Atlantic). Quaternary Science Reviews, 73. 14-30. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.05.006

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Weinkauf, MFG, Moller, T, Koch, MC and Kučera, M (2013) Calcification intensity in planktonic Foraminifera reflects ambient conditions irrespective of environmental stress. Biogeosciences, 10(10). 6639-6655. doi:10.5194/bg-10-6639-2013

Weldeab, S, Stuut, JB, Schneider, RR and Siebel, W (2013) Holocene climate variability in the winter rainfall zone of South Africa. Climate of the Past, 9(5). 2347-2364. doi:10.5194/cp-9-2347-2013

Westerhold, T and Röhl, U (2013) Orbital pacing of Eocene climate during the Middle Eocene Climate Optimum and the chron C19r event: Missing link found in the tropical western Atlantic. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(11). 4811-4825. doi:10.1002/ggge.20293 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zeeden, C, Hilgen, FJ, Westerhold, T, Lourens, LJ, Röhl, U and Bickert, T (2013) Revised Miocene splice, astronomical tuning and calcareous plankton biochronology of ODP Site 926 between 5 and 14.4 Ma. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 369. 430-451. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.11.009 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhang, R, Yan, Q, Zhang, ZS, Jiang, D, Otto-Bliesner, BL, Haywood, AM, Hill, DJ, Dolan, AM, Stepanek, C, Lohmann, G, Contoux, C, Bragg, F, Chan, WL, Chandler, MA, Jost, A, Kamae, Y, Abe-Ouchi, A, Ramstein, G, Rosenbloom, NA, Sohl, L and Ueda, H (2013) Mid-Pliocene East Asian monsoon climate simulated in the PlioMIP. Climate of the Past, 9(5). 2085-2099. doi:10.5194/cp-9-2085-2013

Zhang, X, Lohmann, G, Knorr, G and Xu, X (2013) Different ocean states and transient characteristics in Last Glacial Maximum simulations and implications for deglaciation. Climate of the Past, 9(5). 2319-2333. doi:10.5194/cp-9-2319-2013

Zhang, ZS, Nisancioglu, KH, Chandler, MA, Haywood, AM, Otto-Bliesner, BL, Ramstein, G, Stepanek, C, Abe-Ouchi, A, Chan, WL, Bragg, FJ, Contoux, C, Dolan, AM, Hill, DJ, Jost, A, Kamae, Y, Lohmann, G, Lunt, DJ, Rosenbloom, NA, Sohl, LE and Ueda, H (2013) Mid-Pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation not unlike modern? Climate of the Past, 9(4). 1495-1504. doi:10.5194/cp-9-1495-2013

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Bogus, K, Harding, IC, King, A, Charles, AJ, Zonneveld, KAF and Versteegh, GJM (2012) The composition and diversity of dinosprin in species of the Apectodinium complex (Dinoflagellata). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 183. 21-31. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2012.07.001

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Bonnet, S, de Vernal, A, Gersonde, R and Lembke-Jene, L (2012) Modern distribution of dinocysts from the North Pacific Ocean (37-64°N, 144°E-148°W) in relation to hydrographic conditions, sea-ice and productivity. Marine Micropaleontology, 84-85. 87-113. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2011.11.006 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bouimetarhan, I, Prange, M, Schefuß, E, Dupont, LM, Lippold, J, Mulitza, S and Zonneveld, KAF (2012) Sahel megadrought during Heinrich Stadial 1: evidence for a three-phase evolution of the low- and mid-level West African wind system. Quaternary Science Reviews, 58. 66-76. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.10.015 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Butzin, M, Prange, M and Lohmann, G (2012) Readjustment of glacial radiocarbon chronologies by self-consistent three-dimensional ocean circulation modeling. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-31. 177-184. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.046 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Channell, JET, Hodell, DA, Romero, OE, Hillaire-Marcel, C, de Vernal, A, Stoner, JS, Mazaud, A and Röhl, U (2012) A 750-kyr detrital-layer stratigraphy for the North Atlantic (IODP Sites U1302-U1303, Orphan Knoll, Labrador Sea). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-31. 218-230. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.029 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Cortese, G, Gersonde, R, Maschner, K and Medley, P (2012) Glacial-interglacial size variability in the diatom Fragilariopsis kerguelensis: Possible iron/dust controls? Paleoceanography, 27. PA1208. doi:10.1029/2011PA002187 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Enge, AJ, Kucera, M and Heinz, P (2012) Diversity and microhabitats of living benthic foraminifera in the abyssal Northeast Pacific. Marine Micropaleontology, 96-97. 84-104. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2012.08.004

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Ferre, B, Mienert, J and Feseker, T (2012) Ocean temperature variability for the past 60 years on the Norwegian-Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117. doi:10.1029/2012JC008300

Giry, C, Felis, T, Kölling, M, Scholz, D, Wei, W, Lohmann, G and Scheffers, S (2012) Mid- to late Holocene changes in tropical Atlantic temperature seasonality and interannual to multidecadal variability documented in southern Caribbean corals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 331(332). 187-200. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.03.019 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Govin, A, Braconnot, P, Capron, E, Cortijo, E, Duplessy, JC, Jansen, E, Labeyrie, LD, Landais, A, Marti, O, Michel, E, Mosquet, E, Risebrobakken, B, Swingedouw, D and Waelbroeck, C (2012) Persistent influence of ice sheet melting on high northern latitude climate during the early Last Interglacial. Climate of the Past, 8. 483-507. doi:10.5194/cp-8-483-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Govin, A, Holzwarth, U, Heslop, D, Ford Keeling, L, Zabel, M, Mulitza, S, Collins, JA and Chiessi, CM (2012) Distribution of major elements in Atlantic surface sediments (36°N-49°S): Imprint of terrigenous input and continental weathering. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13(1). Q01013. doi:10.1029/2011gc003785 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Handiani, DN, Paul, A and Dupont, LM (2012) Tropical climate and vegetation changes during Heinrich Event 1: a model-data comparison. Climate of the Past, 8(1). 37-57. doi:10.5194/cp-8-37-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hendry, KR, Robinson, LF, Meredith, MP, Mulitza, S, Chiessi, CM and Arz, HW (2012) Abrupt changes in high-latitude nutrient supply to the Atlantic during the last glacial cycle. Geology, 40(2). 123-126. doi:10.1130/G32779.1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Heslop, D and Paul, A (2012) Fingerprinting of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in climate models to aid in the design of proxy investigations. Climate Dynamics, 38(5-6). 1047-1064. doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1042-0

Hessler, I, Dupont, LM, Handiani, DN, Paul, A, Merkel, U and Wefer, G (2012) Masked millennial-scale climate variations in South West Africa during the last glaciation. Climate of the Past, 8(2). 841-853. doi:10.5194/cp-8-841-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Ho, SL, Mollenhauer, G, Lamy, F, Martinez-Garcia, A, Mohtadi, M, Gersonde, R, Hebbeln, D, Nunez-Ricardo, S, Rosell-Melé, A and Tiedemann, R (2012) Sea surface temperature variability in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean over the past 700 kyr. Paleoceanography, 27. PA4202. doi:10.1029/2012PA002317 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Huang, E, Mulitza, S, Paul, A, Groeneveld, J, Steinke, S and Schulz, M (2012) Response of eastern tropical Atlantic central waters to Atlantic meridional overturning circulation changes during the Last Glacial Maximum and Heinrich Stadial 1. Paleoceanography, 27. doi:10.1029/2012PA002294 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hüpers, A and Kopf, AJ (2012) Effect of smectite dehydration on pore water geochemistry in the shallow subduction zone: An experimental approach. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13. doi:10.1029/2012GC004212

Ionita, M, Lohmann, G, Rimbu, N and Chelcea, S (2012) Interannual Variability of Rhine River Streamflow and Its Relationship with Large-Scale Anomaly Patterns in Spring and Autumn. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13(1). 172-188. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-11-063.1

Ionita, M, Lohmann, G, Rimbu, N, Chelcea, S and Dima, M (2012) Interannual to decadal summer drought variability over Europe and its relationship to global sea surface temperature. Climate Dynamics, 38(1-2). 363-377. doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1028-y

Joseph, N, López Correa, M, Schönfeld, J, Rüggeberg, A and Freiwald, A (2012) Sub-arctic Holocene climatic and oceanographic variability in Stjernsund, northern Norway: evidence from benthic foraminifera and stable isotopes. Boreas, 42(3). 511-531. doi:10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00303.x

Just, J, Dekkers, MJ, von Dobeneck, T, van Hoesel, A and Bickert, T (2012) Signatures and significance of aeolian, fluvial, bacterial and diagenetic magnetic mineral fractions in Late Quaternary marine sediments off Gambia, NW Africa. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13. Q0AO02. doi:10.1029/2012GC004146 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kandiano, ES, Bauch, HA, Fahl, K, Helmke, JP, Röhl, U, Pérez-Folgado, M and Cacho, I (2012) The meridional temperature gradient in the eastern North Atlantic during MIS 11 and its link to the ocean-atmosphere system. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 333-33. 24-39. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.03.005 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kilian, R and Lamy, F (2012) A review of Glacial and Holocene paleoclimate records from southernmost Patagonia (49-55°S). Quaternary Science Reviews, 53. 1-23. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.017

Kim, JH, Romero, OE, Lohmann, G, Donner, B, Laepple, T, Haam, E and Damste, JSS (2012) Pronounced subsurface coolling of North Atlantic waters off Northwest Africa during Dansgaard-Oeschger interstadials. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 339. 95-102. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.05.018

Krüger, S, Leuschner, DC, Ehrmann, WU, Schmiedl, G and Mackensen, A (2012) North Atlantic Deep Water and Antarctic Bottom Water variability during the last 200 ka recorded in an abyssal sediment core off South Africa. Global and Planetary Change, 80-81. 180-189. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.10.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kwasniok, F and Lohmann, G (2012) A stochastic nonlinear oscillator model for glacial millennial-scale climate transitions derived from ice-core data. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 9. 595-603. doi:10.5194/npg-19-595-2012

Luterbacher, J, García-Herrera, R, Akcer-On, S, Allan, R, Alvarez-Castro, MC, Benito, G, Booth, J, Büntgen, U, Cagatay, N, Colombaroli, D, Davis, BAS, Esper, J, Felis, T, Fleitmann, D, Frank, D, Gallego, D, Garcia-Bustamante, E, Glaser, R, Gonzalez-Rouco, FJ, Goosse, H, Kiefer, T, Macklin, MG, Manning, SW, Montagna, P, Newman, L, Power, MJ, Rath, V, Ribera, P, Riemann, D, Roberts, N, Sicre, MA, Silenzi, S, Tinner, W, Tzedakis, PC, Valero-Garcés, BL, van der Schrier, G, Vanniere, B, Vogt, S, Wanner, H, Werner, JP, Willett, G, Williams, MH, Xoplaki, E, Zerefos, CS and Zorita, E (2012) A Review of 2000 Years of Paleoclimatic Evidence in the Mediterranean. In: Lionello, P (ed.) The Climate of the Mediterranean Region. Elsevier, 87-185. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-416042-2.00002-1

Lyle, MW, Olivarez Lyle, A, Gorgas, TJ, Holbourn, AEL, Westerhold, T, Hathorne, EC, Kimoto, K and Yamamoto, S (2012) Data report: raw and normalized elemental data along the Site U1338 splice from X-ray flourescence scanning. In: Pälike, H, Lyle, M, Nishi, H, Raffi, I, Gamage, K, Klaus, A and Expedition 320/321 Scientists (eds.) Proc. IODP, 320/321. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc., Tokyo . doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.203.2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mackensen, A (2012) Strong thermodynamic imprint on Recent bottom-water and epibenthic d13C in the Weddell Sea revealed: Implications for glacial Southern Ocean ventilation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317. 20-26. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.030

Max, L, Riethdorf, JR, Tiedemann, R, Smirnova, M, Lembke-Jene, L, Fahl, K, Nürnberg, D, Matul, AG and Mollenhauer, G (2012) Sea surface temperature variability and sea-ice extent in the subarctic northwest Pacific during the past 15,000 years. Paleoceanography, 27(3). PA3213. doi:10.1029/2012PA002292 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Preiß-Daimler, I, Baumann, KH and Henrich, R (2012) Carbonate budget mass estimates for Neogene discoasters from the Equatorial Atlantic (Ceara Rise: ODP Site 927). Journal of Micropalaeontology, 31. 169-178. doi:10.1144/0262-821X11-014 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Pross, J, Contreras, L, Bijl, PK, Greenwood, DR, Bohaty, SM, Schouten, S, Bendle, JA, Röhl, U, Tauxe, L, Raine, JI, Huck, CE, van de Flierdt, T, Jamieson, SSR, Stickley, CE, van de Schootbrugge, B, Escutia, C, Brinkhuis, H and IODP Expedition 318 Scientists (2012) Persistent near-tropical warmth on the Antarctic continent during the early Eocene epoch. Nature, 488(7409). 73-77. doi:10.1038/nature11300 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Pälike, H, Lyle, MW, Nishi, H, Raffi, I, Ridgwell, A, Gamage, K, Klaus, A, Acton, GD, Anderson, L, Backman, J, Baldauf, JG, Beltran, C, Bohaty, SM, Bown, PR, Busch, WH, Channell, JET, Chun, COJ, Delaney, ML, Dewang, P, Dunkley Jones, T, Edgar, KM, Evans, HF, Fitch, P, Foster, GL, Gussone, N, Hasegawa, H, Hathorne, EC, Hayashi, H, Herrle, JO, Holbourn, AEL, Hovan, SA, Hyeong, K, Iijima, K, Ito, T, Kamikuri, SI, Kimoto, K, Kuroda, J, Leon-Rodriguez, L, Malinverno, A, Moore, TC, Murphy, B, Murphy, DP, Nakamur, H, Ogane, K, Ohneiser, C, Richter, C, Robinson, RS, Rohling, EJ, Romero, OE, Sawada, K, Scher, HD, Schneider, L, Sluijs, A, Takata, H, Tian, J, Tsujimoto, A, Wade, BS, Westerhold, T, Wilkens, RH, Williams, T, Wilson, PA, Yamamoto, Y, Yamamoto, S, Yamazaki, T and Zeebe, RE (2012) A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth. Nature, 488. 609-614. doi:10.1038/nature11360 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rohling, EJ, Sluijs, A, Köhler, P, van de Wal, RSW, von der Heydt, AS, Beerling, DJ, Berger, A, Bijl, PK, Crucifix, M, DeConto, RM, Drijfhout, SS, Fedorov, A, Foster, GL, Ganopolski, A, Hansen, J, Hönisch, B, Hooghiemstra, H, Huber, M, Huybers, P, Knutti, R, Lea, DW, Lourens, LJ, Lunt, D, Masson-Delmotte, V, Medina-Elizalde, M, Otto-Bliesner, BL, Pagani, M, Pälike, H, Renssen, H, Royer, M, Siddall, M, Valdes, P, Zachos, JC and Zeebe, RE (2012) Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity. Nature, 491. 683-691. doi:10.1038/nature11574

Romero, OE, Mohtadi, M, Helmke, P and Hebbeln, D (2012) High interglacial diatom paleoproductivity in the westernmost Indo-Pacific Warm Pool during the past 130,000 years. Paleoceanography, 27. PA3209. doi:10.1029/2012PA002299 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Sadeghi, A, Dinter, T, Vountas, M, Taylor, BB, Altenburg-Soppa, M, Peeken, I and Bracher, A (2012) Improvement to the PhytoDOAS method for identification of coccolithophores using hyper-spectral satellite data. Ocean Science, 8. 1055-1070. doi:10.5194/os-8-1055-2012

Saenger, C, Affek, HP, Felis, T, Thiagarajan, N, Lough, JM and Holcomb, M (2012) Carbonate clumped isotope variability in shallow water corals: Temperature dependence and growth-related vital effects. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 99. 224-242. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.09.035 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Schneider Mor, A, Yam, R, Bianchi, C, Kunz-Pirrung, M, Gersonde, R and Shemesh, A (2012) Variable sequence of events during the past seven terminations in two deep-sea cores from the Southern Ocean. Quaternary Research, 77(2). 317-325. doi:1016/j.yqres.2011.11.006

Seidenglanz, A, Prange, M, Varma, V and Schulz, M (2012) Ocean temperature response to idealized Gleissberg and de Vries solar cycles in a comprehensive climate model. Geophysical Research Letters, 39. doi:10.1029/2012GL053624 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Seuss, B, Titschack, J, Seifert, S, Neubauer, J and Nützel, A (2012) Oxygen and stable carbon isotopes from a nautiloid from the middle Pennsylvanian (Late Carboniferous) impregnation Lagerstätte ‘Buckhorn Asphalt Quarry’ — Primary paleo-environmental signals versus diagenesis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 319-32. 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.12.008

Stepanek, C and Lohmann, G (2012) Modelling mid-Pliocene climate with COSMOS. Geoscientific Model Development, 5. 1221-1243. doi:10.5194/gmd-5-1221-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Stärz, M, Gong, X, Stein, R, Darby, DA, Kauker, F and Lohmann, G (2012) Glacial shortcut of Arctic sea-ice transport. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 557. 257-267. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.09.033

Tauxe, L, Stickley, CE, Sugisaki, S, Bijl, PK, Bohaty, SM, Brinkhuis, H, Escutia, C, Flores, JA, Houben, AJP, Iwai, M, Jiménez-Espejo, FJ, McKay, R, Passchier, S, Pross, J, Riesselman, C, Röhl, U, Sangiorgi, F, Welsh, K, Klaus, A, Fehr, A, Bendle, JA, Dunbar, R, Gonzales, J, Hayden, T, Katsuki, K, Olney, MP, Pekar, SF, Shrivastva, PK, van de Flierdt, T, Williams, T and Yamane, M (2012) Chronostratigraphic framework for the IODP Expedition 318 cores from the Wilkes Land Margin: Constraints for paleoceanographic reconstruction. Paleoceanography, 27. PA2214. doi:10.1029/2012PA002308 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Thierens, M, Pirlet, H, Colin, C, Latruwe, K, Vanhaecke, F, Lee, JR, Stuut, JB, Titschack, J, Huvenne, VAI, Dorschel, B, Wheeler, AJ and Henriet, JP (2012) Ice-rafting from the British-Irish ice sheet since the earliest Pleistocene (2.6 million years ago): implications for long-term mid-latitudinal ice-sheet growth in the North Atlantic region. Quaternary Science Reviews, 44. 229-240. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.020 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Thomas, AL, Fujita, K, Iryu, Y, Bard, E, Cabioch, G, Camoin, G, Cole, JE, Deschamps, P, Durand, N, Hamelin, B, Heindel, K, Henderson, GM, Mason, AJ, Matsuda, H, Menabreaz, L, Omori, A, Quinn, T, Sakai, S, Sato, T, Sugihara, K, Takahashi, Y, Thouveny, N, Tudhope, AW, Webster, JM, Westphal, H and Yokoyama, Y (2012) Assessing subsidence rates and paleo water-depths for Tahiti reefs using U-Th chronology of altered corals. Marine Geology, 295-29. 86-94. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2011.12.006 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Thuy, B, Gale, AS, Kroh, A, Kucera, M, Numberger-Thuy, LD, Reich, M and Stöhr, S (2012) Ancient origin of the modern deep-sea fauna. PLoS ONE, 7. e46913. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046913

Varma, V, Prange, M, Merkel, U, Kleinen, T, Lohmann, G, Pfeiffer, M, Renssen, H, Wagner, A, Wagner, S and Schulz, M (2012) Holocene evolution of the Southern Hemisphere westerly winds in transient simulations with global climate models. Climate of the Past, 8(2). 391-402. doi:10.5194/cp-8-391-2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Varma, V, Prange, M, Spangehl, T, Lamy, F, Cubasch, U and Schulz, M (2012) Impact of solar-induced stratospheric ozone decline on Southern Hemisphere westerlies during the Late Maunder Minimum. Geophysical Research Letters, 39. doi:10.1029/2012GL053403

Verleye, T, Mertens, KN, Young, MD, Dale, B, McMinn, A, Scott, L, Zonneveld, KAF and Louwye, S (2012) Average process lenght variation of the marine dinoflagellate cyst Operculodinium centrocarpum in the tropical and Southern Hemisphere Oceans: Assessing its potential as a palaeosalinity proxy. Marine Micropaleontology, 86-87. 45-58. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2012.02.001

Vogts, A, Schefuß, E, Badewien, T and Rullkötter, J (2012) n-Alkane parameters from a deep sea sediment transect off Southwest Africa reflect continental vegetation and climate conditions. Organic Geochemistry, 47. 109-119. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.03.011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wei, W and Lohmann, G (2012) Simulated Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation during the Holocene. Journal of Climate, 25. 6989-7002. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00667.1

Wei, W, Lohmann, G and Dima, M (2012) Distinct Modes of Internal Variability in the Global Meridional Overturning Circulation Associated with the Southern Hemisphere Westerly Winds. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42(5). 785-801. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-038.1

Weiner, A, Aurahs, R, Kurasawa, A, Kitazato, H and Kucera, M (2012) Vertical niche partitioning between cryptic sibling species of a cosmopolitan marine planktonic protist. Molecular Ecology, 21. 4063-4073. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05686.x

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U and Laskar, J (2012) Time scale controversy: Accurate orbital calibration of early Paleogene. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13. Q06015. doi:10.1029/2012GC004096 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Wilkens, R, Pälike, H, Lyle, M, Jones, TD, Bown, PR, Moore, T, Kamikuri, SI, Acton, GD, Ohneiser, C, Yamamoto, Y, Richter, C, Fitch, P, Scher, HD, Liebrand, D and Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2012) Revised composite depth scales and integration of IODP Sites U1331-U1334 and ODP Sites 1218-1220. In: Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 320/321. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc., Tokyo. doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.201.2012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wilhelms-Dick, D, Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Wilhelms, F, Vogt, C, Hanebuth, TJJ, Römmermann, H, Kriews, M and Kasten, S (2012) A comparison of mm scale resolution techniques for element analysis in sediment cores. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry. doi:10.1039/C2JA30148B PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wörmer, L, Cirés, S, Velázquez, D, Quesada, A and Hinrichs, KU (2012) Cyanobacterial heterocyst glycolipids in cultures and environmental samples: Diversity and biomarker potential. Limnology and Oceanography, 57(6). 1775-1788. doi:10.4319/lo.2012.57.6.1775

Xu, X, Butzin, M and Lohmann, G (2012) Water isotope variations in the global ocean model MPI-OM. Geoscientific Model Development, 5. 809-818. doi:10.5194/gmd-5-809-2012

Yu, PS, Kienast, M, Chen, MT, Cacho, I, Flores, JA, Mohtadi, M and Mix, AC (2012) Influences of extratropical water masses on equatorial Pacific cold tongue variability during the past 160 ka as revealed by faunal evidence of planktic foraminifers. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27(9). 921-931. doi:10.1002/jqs.2582 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zhang, X, Prange, M, Steph, S, Butzin, M, Krebs, U, Lunt, DJ, Nisancioglu, KH, Park, W, Schmittner, A, Schneider, B and Schulz, M (2012) Changes in equatorial Pacific thermocline depth in response to Panamanian seaway closure: Insights from a multi-model study. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-31. 76-84. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.028 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zonneveld, KAF, Chen, L, Elshanawany, R, Fischer, HW, Hoins, M, Ibrahim, MI, Pittauerová, D and Versteegh, GJM (2012) The use of dinoflagellate cysts to seperate human-induced from natural variability in the trophic state of the Po River discharge plume over the last two centuries. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(1). 114-132. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.10.012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bickert, T and Henrich, R (2011) Climate records of deep-sea sediments: Towards the Ceozonic Ice House. In: Hüneke, H and Mulder, T (eds.) Deep-Sea Sediments. Developments in Sedimentology, 63. Elsevier, 793-823. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-53000-4.00012-3

Brandt, A, Bathmann, U, Brix, S, Cisewski, B, Flores, H, Göcke, C, Janussen, D, Krägefsky, S, Kruse, S, Leach, H, Linse, K, Pakhomov, EA, Peeken, I, Riehl, T, Sauter, EJ, Sachs, O, Schüller, M, Schrödl, M, Schwabe, E, Strass, VH, van Franeker, JA and Wilmsen, M (2011) Maud Rise - a snapshot through the water column. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58(19-20). 1962-1982. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2011.01.008 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Butzin, M, Lohmann, G and Bickert, T (2011) Miocene ocean circulation inferred from marine carbon cycle modeling combined with benthic isotope records. Paleoceanography, 26. PA1203. doi:10.1029/2009PA001901

Caniupán, AM, Lamy, F, Lange, CB, Kaiser, J, Arz, HW, Kilian, R, Urrea, OB, Aracena, C, Hebbeln, D, Kissel, C, Laj, C, Mollenhauer, G and Tiedemann, R (2011) Millennial-scale sea surface temperature and Patagonian Ice Sheet changes off southernmost Chile (53°S) over the past ~60 kyr. Paleoceanography, 26. PA3221. doi:10.1029/2010PA002049 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Chen, L, Zonneveld, KAF and Versteegh, GJM (2011) Short term climate variability during "Roman Classical Period" in the eastern Mediterranean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(27-28). 3880-3891. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.024 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Collins, JA, Schefuß, E, Heslop, D, Mulitza, S, Prange, M, Zabel, M, Tjallingii, R, Dokken, T, Huang, E, Mackensen, A, Schulz, M, Tian, J, Zarriess, M and Wefer, G (2011) Interhemispheric symmetry of tropical African rainbelt over the past 23,000 years. Nature Geoscience, 4(1). 42-45. doi:10.1038/ngeo1039 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

De Schepper, S, Fischer, EI, Groeneveld, J, Head, MJ and Matthiessen, J (2011) Deciphering the palaeoecology of Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene dinoflagellate cysts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309(1-2). 17-32. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.04.020 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dima, M and Lohmann, G (2011) Hysteresis Behavior of the Atlantic Ocean Circulation Identified in Observational Data. Journal of Climate, 24(2). 397-403. doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3467.1

Dupont, LM (2011) Orbital scale vegetation change in Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30. 3589-3602. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.019

Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Kim, JH (2011) Corrigendum to "Thirty thousand years of vegetation development and climate change in Angola (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1078)" published in Clim. Past, 4, 107-124, 2008. Climate of the Past, 7. 115. doi:10.5194/cp-7-115-2011

Dupont, LM, Caley, T, Kim, JH, Castañeda, IS, Malaizé, B and Giraudeau, J (2011) Glacial-interglacial vegetation dynamics in South Eastern Africa coupled to sea surface temperature variations in the Western Indian Ocean. Climate of the Past, 7(4). 1209-1224. doi:10.5194/cp-7-1209-2011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Elshanawany, R, Ibrahim, MI, Milker, Y, Schmiedl, G, Badr, N, Kholeif, SEA and Zonneveld, KAF (2011) Anthropogenic Impact of benthic Foraminifera, Abu-Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 41(4). 326-348. doi:10.2113/gsjfr.41.4.326

Enan, MR, Al-Hassini, H, Stuut, JB and de Beer, D (2011) Dust storms over the Arabian Gulf: a possible indicator of climate changes consequences. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 14(3). 260-268. doi:10.1080/14634988.2011.601274

Enge, AJ, Nomaki, H, Ogawa, NO, Witte, U, Moeseneder, MM, Lavik, G, Ohkouchi, N, Kitazato, H, Kucera, M and Heinz, P (2011) Response of the benthic foraminiferal community to a simulated short-term phytodetritus pulse in the abyssal North Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 438. 129-142. doi:10.3354/meps09298

Fenton, CR, Hermanns, RL, Blikra, LH, Kubik, PW, Bryant, C, Niedermann, S, Meixner, A and Goethals, MM (2011) Regional 10Be production rate calibration for the past 12ka deduced from the radiocarbon-dated Grøtlandsura and Russenes rock avalanches at 69° N, Norway. Quaternary Geochronology, 6(5). 437-452. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2011.04.005

Filipsson, HL, Romero, OE, Stuut, JB and Donner, B (2011) Relationshiips between primary productivity and bottom-water oxygenation off northwest Africa during the last deglaciation. Journal of Quaternary Science, 26(4). 448-456. doi:10.1002/jqs.1473

Groeneveld, J and Chiessi, CM (2011) Mg/Ca ratios of Globorotalia inflata as a recorder of permanent thermocline temperatures in the South Atlantic. Paleoceanography, 26. PA2203. doi:10.1029/2010PA001940 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Haarmann, T, Hathorne, EC, Mohtadi, M, Groeneveld, J, Kölling, M and Bickert, T (2011) Mg/Ca ratios of single planktonic foraminifer shells and the potential to reconstruct the thermal seasonality of the water column. Paleoceanography, 26. PA3218. doi:10.1029/2010PA002091 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hargreaves, JC, Paul, A, Ohgaito, R, Abe-Ouchi, A and Annan, JD (2011) Are paleoclimate model ensembles consistent with the MARGO data synthesis? Climate of the Past, 7. 917-933. doi:10.5194/cp-7-917-2011

Hathorne, EC, Felis, T, James, RH and Thomas, AL (2011) Laser ablation ICP-MS screening of corals for diagenetically affected areas applied to Tahiti corals from the last deglaciation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75. 1490-1506. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.12.011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Heinrich, S, Zonneveld, KAF, Bickert, T and Willems, H (2011) The Benguela upwelling related to the Miocene cooling events and the development of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current: evidence from calcareous dinoflagellate cysts. Paleoceanography, 26. PA3209. doi:10.1029/2010PA002065 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Heslop, D and Paul, A (2011) Can oceanic paleothermometers reconstruct the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation? Climate of the Past, 7. 151-159. doi:10.5194/cp-7-151-2011

Hesse, T, Butzin, M, Bickert, T and Lohmann, G (2011) A model-data comparison of d13C in the glacial Atlantic Ocean. Paleoceanography, 26. PA3220. doi:10.1029/2010PA002085 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hessler, I, Steinke, S, Groeneveld, J, Dupont, LM and Wefer, G (2011) Impact of abrupt climate change in the tropical southeast Atlantic during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3. Paleoceanography, 26. PA4209. doi:10.1029/2011PA002118 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Huang, E, Tian, J and Steinke, S (2011) Millennial-scale dynamics of the winter cold tongue in the southern South China Sea over the past 26 ka and the East Asian winter monsoon. Quaternary Research, 75(1). 196-204. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2010.08.014

Ionita, M, Rimbu, N and Lohmann, G (2011) Decadal variability of the Elbe river streamflow. International Journal of Climatology, 31(1). 22-30. doi:10.1002/joc.2054

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Karas, C, Nürnberg, D, Tiedemann, R and Garbe-Schönberg, CD (2011) Pliocene Indonesian Throughglow and Leeuwin Current dynamics: Implications for Indian Ocean polar heat flux. Paleoceanography, 26. PA2217. doi:10.1029/2010PA001949

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Knorr, G, Butzin, M, Micheels, A and Lohmann, G (2011) A warm Miocene climate at low atmospheric CO2 levels. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. doi:10.1029/2011GL048873

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Mohtadi, M, Oppo, DW, Steinke, S, Stuut, JB, de Pol-Holz, R, Hebbeln, D and Lückge, A (2011) Glacial to Holocene swings of the Australian-Indonesian monsoon. Nature Geoscience, 4(8). 540-544. doi:10.1038/ngeo1209 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mollenhauer, G, McManus, JF, Wagner, T, McCave, IN and Eglinton, TI (2011) Radiocarbon and Th-230 data reveal rapid redistribution and temporal changes in sediment focussing at a North Atlantic drift. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 301(1-2). 373-381. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.11.022 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Müller, J, Wagner, A, Fahl, K, Stein, R, Prange, M and Lohmann, G (2011) Towards quantitative sea ice reconstructions in the northern North Atlantic: A combined biomarker and numerical modelling approach. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 306. 137-148. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.04.011

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Raitzsch, M, Hathorne, EC, Kuhnert, H, Groeneveld, J and Bickert, T (2011) Modern and Late Pleistocene B/Ca ratios of the benthic foraminifer Planulina wuellerstorfi determined with laser ablation ICP-MS. Geology, 39(11). 1039-1042. doi:10.1130/G32009.1

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Rhein, M, Kieke, D, Hüttl-Kabus, S, Rößler, A, Mertens, C, Meissner, R, Klein, B, Böning, CW and Yashayaev, I (2011) Deep water formation, the subpolar gyre, and the meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58(17-18). 1819-1832. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.061

Rimbu, N and Lohmann, G (2011) Winter and summer blocking variability in the North Atlantic region. Evidence from long-term observational and proxy data from southwestern Greenland. Climate of the Past, 7. 543-555. doi:10.5194/cp-7-543-2011

Rincón-Martínez, D, Steph, S, Lamy, F, Mix, AC and Tiedemann, R (2011) Tracking the equatorial front in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean by the isotopic and faunal composition of planktonic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 79(1-2). 24-40. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2011.01.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Romero, OE, Leduc, G, Vidal, L and Fischer, G (2011) Millennial variability and long-term changes of the diatom production in the eastern equatorial Pacific during the last glacial cycle. Paleoceanography, 26. PA2212. doi:10.1029/2010PA002099 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rommerskirchen, F, Condon, T, Mollenhauer, G, Dupont, LM and Schefuß, E (2011) Miocene to Pliocene development of surface and subsurface temperatures in the Benguela Current system. Paleoceanography, 26. PA3216. doi:10.1029/2010PA002074 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Saavedra-Pellitero, M, Flores, JA, Lamy, F, Sierro, FJ and Cortina, A (2011) Coccolithophore estimates of paleotemperature and paleoproductivity changes in the southeast Pacific over the past ~27 kyr. Paleoceanography, 26. PA1201. doi:10.1029/2009PA001824 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Schefuß, E, Kuhlmann, H, Mollenhauer, G, Prange, M and Pätzold, J (2011) Forcing of south-east African wet phases during the last 17,000 years. Nature, 480(7378). 509-512. doi:10.1038/nature10685 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Schulz, H, Lückge, A, Emeis, KC and Mackensen, A (2011) Variability of Holocene to Late Pleistocene Zambezi riverine sedimentation at the upper continental slope off Mozambique, 15°-21°S. Marine Geology, 286(1-4). 21-34. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2011.05.003

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Sluijs, A, Bijl, PK, Schouten, S, Röhl, U, Reichart, GJ and Brinkhuis, H (2011) Southern ocean warming, sea level and hydrological change during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Climate of the Past, 7(1). 47-61. doi:10.5194/cp-7-47-2011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Steinke, S, Glatz, C, Mohtadi, M, Groeneveld, J, Li, Q and Jian, Z (2011) Past dynamics of the East Asian monsoon: No inverse behaviour between the summer and winter monsoon during the Holocene. Global and Planetary Change, 78(3-4). 170-177. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.06.006 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Titschack, J, Goetz-Neunhoeffer, F and Neubauer, J (2011) Magnesium quantification in calcites [(Ca,Mg)CO3] by Rietveld-based XRD analysis: Revisiting a well-established method. American Mineralogist, 96(7). 1028-1038. doi:10.2138/am.2011.3665

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Wagner, A, Lohmann, G and Prange, M (2011) Arctic river discharge trends since 7 ka BP. Global and Planetary Change, 79(1-2). 48-60. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.07.006 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Werner, M, Langebroek, PM, Carlsen, T, Herold, M and Lohmann, G (2011) Stable water isotopes in the ECHAM5 general circulation model: Towards high-resolution isotope modeling on a global scale. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 116. D15109. doi:10.1029/2011JDO15681

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Donner, B, McCarren, HK and Zachos, JC (2011) A complete high-resolution Paleocene benthic stable isotope record for the central Pacific (ODP Site 1209). Paleoceanography, 26. PA2216. doi:10.1029/2010PA002092 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Woodard, SC, Thomas, DJ, Hovan, SA, Röhl, U and Westerhold, T (2011) Evidence for orbital forcing of dust accumulation during the early Paleogene Greenhouse. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 12. Q02007. doi:10.1029/2010GC003394 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zarriess, M, Johnstone, HJH, Prange, M, Steph, S, Groeneveld, J, Mulitza, S and Mackensen, A (2011) Bipolar seesaw in the northeastern tropical Atlantic during Heinrich stadials. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. L04706. doi:10.1029/2010GL046070 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zarriess, M and Mackensen, A (2011) Testing the impact of seasonal phytodetritus deposition on [delta]13C of epibenthic foraminifer Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi: A 31,000 year high-resolution record from the northwest African continental slope. Paleoceanography, 26. PA2202. doi:10.1029/2010PA001944 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

van Raden, UJ, Groeneveld, J, Raitzsch, M and Kucera, M (2011) Mg/Ca in the planktonic foraminifera Globorotalia inflata and Globigerinoides bulloides from Western Mediterranean plankton tow and core top samples. Marine Micropaleontology, 78(3-4). 101-112. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.11.002

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Bahr, A, Pape, T, Abegg, F, Bohrmann, G, van Weering, TCE and Ivanov, MK (2010) Authigenic carbonates from the eastern Black Sea as an archive for shallow gas hydrate dynamics - results from the combination of CT imaging with mineralogical and stable isotope analyses. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 27. 1819-1829. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.08.005 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bamberg, A, Rosenthal, Y, Paul, A, Heslop, D, Mulitza, S, Rühlemann, C and Schulz, M (2010) Reduced North Atlantic Central Water formation in response to early Holocene ice-sheet melting. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L17705. doi:10.1029/2010GL043878 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Berger, WH, Schulz, M and Wefer, G (2010) Quaternary oceans and climate change: lessons for the future? International Journal of Earth Sciences, 99(1). 171-189. doi:10.1007/s00531-010-0553-y

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Castañeda, IS, Schefuß, E, Pätzold, J, Sinninghe Damsté, JS, Weldeab, S and Schouten, S (2010) Millennial-scale sea surface temperature changes in the eastern Mediterranean (Nile River Delta region) over the last 27,000 years. Paleoceanography, 25. PA1208. doi:10.1029/2009PA001740 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Chiessi, CM, Mulitza, S, Pätzold, J and Wefer, G (2010) How different proxies record precipitation variability over southeastern South America. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 9(1). doi:10.1088/1755-1315/9/1/012007 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Cisewski, B, Strass, VH, Rhein, M and Krägefsky, S (2010) Seasonal variations of diel vertical migration of zooplankton from ADCP backscatter time series data in the Lazarev Sea, Antarctica. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57(1). 78-94. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.10.005 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Contreras, S, Lange, CB, Pantoja, S, Lavik, G, Rincón-Martínez, D and Kuypers, MMM (2010) A rainy northern Atacama Desert during the last interglacial. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L23612. doi:10.1029/2010GL045728

Dickson, AJ, Leng, MJ, Maslin, MA and Röhl, U (2010) Oceanic, atmospheric and ice-sheet forcing of South East Atlantic Ocean productivity and South African monsoon intensity during MIS-12 to 10. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(27-28). 3936-3947. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.09.014 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dima, M and Lohmann, G (2010) Evidence for Two Distinct Modes of Large-Scale Ocean Circulation Changes over the Last Century. Journal of Climate, 23(1). 5-16. doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2867.1

Dupont, LM, Schlütz, F, Teboh Ewah, C, Jennerjahn, TC, Paul, A and Behling, H (2010) Two-step vegetation response to enhanced precipitation in Northeast Brazil during Heinrich event 1. Global Change Biology, 16(6). 1647-1660. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02023.x PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Elshanawany, R, Zonneveld, KAF, Ibrahim, MI and Kholeif, SEA (2010) Distribution patterns of recent organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts in relation to environmental parameters in the Mediterranean Sea. Palynology, 34(2). 233-260. doi:10.1080/01916121003711665 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Enters, D, Behling, H, Mayr, C, Dupont, LM and Zolitschka, B (2010) Holocene environmental dynamics of south-eastern Brazil recorded in laminated sediments of Lago Aleixo. Journal of Paleolimnology, 44(1). 265-277. doi:10.1007/s10933-009-9402-z

Esper, O, Gersonde, R and Kadagies, N (2010) Diatom distribution in southeastern Pacific surface sediments and their relation to modern environmental variables. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 287(1-4). 1-27. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.12.006 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Expedition 318 Scientists (2010) Wilkes Land glacial history: Cenozoic East Antarctic ice sheet evolution from Wilkes Land margin sediments. IODP Preliminary Report, 318. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc. doi:10.2204/iodp.pr.318.2010

Felis, T and Rimbu, N (2010) Mediterranean climate variability documented in oxygen isotope records from northern Red Sea corals - A review. Global and Planetary Change, 71(3-4). 232-241. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.10.006

Felis, T, Suzuki, A, Kuhnert, H, Rimbu, N and Kawahata, H (2010) Pacific Decadal Oscillation documented in a coral record of North Pacific winter temperature since 1873. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L14605. doi:10.1029/2010GL043572 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Filipsson, HL and Nordberg, K (2010) Variations in organic carbon flux and stagnation periods during the last 2400 years in a Skagerrak fjord basin, inferred from benthic foraminiferal d13C. In: Howe, JA, Austin, WEN, Forwick, M and Paetzel, M (eds.) Fjord Systems and Archives. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 344. Geological Society, London, 261-270. doi:10.1144/SP344.18 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Fink, C, Baumann, KH, Groeneveld, J and Steinke, S (2010) Strontium/Calcium ratio, carbon and oxygen stable isotopes in coccolith carbonate from different grain-size fractions in South Atlantic surface sediments. Geobios, 43(1). 151-164. doi:10.1016/j.geobios.2009.11.001

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Flores, JA, Colmenero-Hidalgo, E, Mejía Molina, AE, Baumann, KH, Henderiks, J, Larsson, K, Prabhu, CN, Sierro, FJ and Rodrigues, T (2010) Distribution of large Emiliania huxleyi in the Central and Northeast Atlantic as a tracer of surface ocean dynamics during the last 25,000 years. Marine Micropaleontology, 76(3-4). 53-66. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.05.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Giraud, X and Paul, A (2010) Interpretation of the paleo-primary production record in the NW African coastal upwelling system as potentially biased by sea level change. Paleoceanography, 25. PA4224. doi:10.1029/2009PA001795

Giry, C, Felis, T, Scheffers, S and Fensterer, C (2010) Assessing the potential of Southern Caribbean corals for reconstructions of Holocene temperature variability. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 9(1). IOPscience. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/9/1/012021 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Giry, C, Felis, T, Scheffers, S and Fensterer, C (2010) Monthly Holocene temperature variability from Caribbean corals. PAGES news, 18(1). 49.

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Gussone, N and Filipsson, HL (2010) Calcium isotope ratios in calcitic tests of benthic foraminifers. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 290. 108-117. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.12.010

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Haberle, SG, Behling, H, Dupont, LM and Kirleis, W (2010) Introduction: Tropical palaeoecology and global change. Global Change Biology, 16(6). 1645-1646. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02231.x

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Holbourn, AEL, Kuhnt, W, Regenberg, M, Schulz, M, Mix, AC and Andersen, N (2010) Does Antarctic glaciation force migration of the tropical rain belt? Geology, 38(9). 783-786. doi:10.1130/G31043.1

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Holzwarth, U, Meggers, H, Esper, O, Kuhlmann, H, Freudenthal, T, Hensen, C and Zonneveld, KAF (2010) NW African climate variations during the last 47,000 years: Evidence from organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 291(3-4). 443-455. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.013 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Itambi, AC, von Dobeneck, T and Adegbie, AT (2010) Millennial-scale precipitation changes over Central Africa during the late Quaternary and Holocene: evidence in sediments from the Gulf of Guinea. Journal of Quaternary Science, 25(3). 267-279. doi:10.1002/jqs.1306 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Rimbu, N and Lohmann, G (2010) Decadal Variability in a Central Greenland High-Resolution Deuterium Isotope Record and Its Relationship to the Frequency of Daily Atmospheric Circulation Patterns from the North Atlantic Region. Journal of Climate, 23(17). 4608-4618. doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3556.1

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von Suchodoletz, H, Oberhänsli, H, Faust, D, Fuchs, M, Blanchet, CL, Goldhammer, T and Zöller, L (2010) The evolution of Saharan dust input on Lanzarote (Canary Islands) - influenced by human activity in the Northwest Sahara during the early Holocene? The Holocene, 20(2). 169-179. doi:10.1177/0959683609350385 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Asami, R, Felis, T, Deschamps, P, Hanawa, K, Iryu, Y, Bard, E, Durand, N and Murayama, M (2009) Evidence for tropical South Pacific climate change during the Younger Dryas and the Bølling-Allerød from geochemical records of fossil Tahiti corals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 288(1-2). 96-107. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.09.011 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Blanchet, CL, Thouveny, N and Vidal, L (2009) Formation and preservation of greigite (Fe3S4) in sediments from the Santa Barbara Basin: Implication for paleoenvironmental changes during the past 35 Kyr. Paleoceanography, 24. PA2224. doi:10.1029/2008PA001719

Bouimetarhan, I, Dupont, LM, Schefuß, E, Mollenhauer, G, Mulitza, S and Zonneveld, KAF (2009) Palynological evidence for climatic and oceanic variability off NW Africa during the late Holocene. Quaternary Research, 72(2). 188-197. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2009.05.003 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bouimetarhan, I, Marret, F, Dupont, LM and Zonneveld, KAF (2009) Dinoflagellate cyst distribution in marine surface sediments off West Africa (6-17°N) in relation to sea-surface conditions, freshwater input and seasonal coastal upwelling. Marine Micropaleontology, 71(3-4). 113-130. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2009.02.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Castañeda, IS, Mulitza, S, Schefuß, E, Lopes dos Santos, RA, Sinninghe Damsté, JS and Schouten, S (2009) Wet phases in the Sahara/Sahel region and human migration patterns in North Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(48). 20159-20163. doi:10.1073/pnas.0905771106 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Chiessi, CM, Mulitza, S, Pätzold, J, Wefer, G and Marengo, JA (2009) Possible impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on the South American summer monsoon. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L21707. doi:10.1029/2009GL039914 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

De Schepper, S and Head, MJ (2009) Pliocene-Pleistocene dinoflagellate cyst and acritarch zonation of DSDP Hole 610A, eastern North Atlantic. Palynology, 33(1). 179-218. doi:10.2113/gspalynol.33.1.179

De Schepper, S, Head, MJ and Groeneveld, J (2009) North Atlantic Current variability through marine isotope stage M2 (circa 3.3 Ma) during the mid-Pliocene. Paleoceanography, 24. PA4206. doi:10.1029/2008PA001725 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dima, M and Lohmann, G (2009) Conceptual model for millennial climate variability: a possible combined solar-thermohaline circulation origin for the ~1,500-year cycle. Climate Dynamics, 32(2-3). 301-311. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0471-x

Drysdale, RN, Hellstrom, JC, Zanchetta, G, Fallick, AE, Sánchez-Goni, MF, Couchoud, I, McDonald, J, Maas, R, Lohmann, G and Isola, I (2009) Evidence for obliquity forcing of glacial Termination II. Science, 325. 1527-1531. doi:10.1126/science.1170371

Dupont, LM (2009) The Congo deep-sea fan as an archive of Quaternary change in Africa and the eastern tropical South Atlantic. In: Kneller, B, Martinsen, OJ and McCaffrey, B (eds.) External Controls on Deep-Water Depositional Systems, SEPM Special Publication 92. SEPM Society for Sedimentary, USA, 79-87. ISBN 1565761367

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Fraile, I, Mulitza, S and Schulz, M (2009) Modeling planktonic foraminiferal seasonality: Implications for sea-surface temperature reconstructions. Marine Micropaleontology, 72(1-2). 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2009.01.003

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Franklin, D, Poulton, AJ, Steinke, M, Young, J, Peeken, I and Malin, G (2009) Dimethylsulphide, DMSP-lyase activity and microplankton community structure inside and outside of the Mauritanian upwelling. Progress in Oceanography, 83. 134-142. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2009.07.011

González, C and Dupont, LM (2009) Tropical salt marsh succession as sea-level indicator during Heinrich events. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(9-10). 939-946. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.12.023

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Hanebuth, TJJ, Stattegger, K and Bojanowski, A (2009) Termination of the Last Glacial Maximum sea-level lowstand: The Sunda sea-level record revisited. Global and Planetary Change, 66(1-2). 76-84. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.03.011

Hathorne, EC, James, RH and Lampitt, RS (2009) Environmental versus biomineralization controls on the intratest variation in the trace element composition of the planktonic foraminifera G. inflata and G. Scitula. Paleoceanography, 24. PA4204. doi:10.1029/2009PA001742

Herold, M and Lohmann, G (2009) Eemian tropical and subtropical African moisture transport: an isotope modelling study. Climate Dynamics, 33. 1075-1088. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0515-2

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Huber, R and Klump, J (2009) Charting taxonomic knowledge through ontologies and ranking algorithms. Computers & Geosciences, 35(4). 862-868. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2008.02.016

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Jacot des Combes, H and Abelmann, A (2009) From species abundance to opal input: Simple geometric models of radiolarian skeletons from the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 56(5). 757-771. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.12.019 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

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Kieke, D, Klein, B, Stramma, L, Rhein, M and Koltermann, KP (2009) Variability and propagation of Labrador Sea Water in the southern subpolar North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 56(10). 1656-1674. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.05.010

Kim, JH, Huguet, C, Zonneveld, KAF, Versteegh, GJM, Roeder, W, Sinninghe Damsté, JS and Schouten, S (2009) An experimental field study to test the stability of lipids used for the TEX86 and UK'37 palaeothermometers. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(10). 2888-2898. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.02.030

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Kuhnert, H, Bickert, T and Paulsen, H (2009) Southern Ocean frontal system changes precede Antarctic ice sheet growth during the middle Miocene. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284(3-4). 630-638. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.05.030 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kwasniok, F and Lohmann, G (2009) Deriving dynamical models from paleoclimatic records: Application to glacial millennial-scale climate variability. Physical Review E, 80(6). 066104. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.80.066104

Kwiecien, O, Arz, HW, Lamy, F, Plessen, B, Bahr, A and Haug, GH (2009) North Atlantic control on precipitation pattern in the eastern Mediterranean/Black Sea region during the last glacial. Quaternary Research, 71(3). 375-384. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2008.12.004

Laepple, T and Lohmann, G (2009) Seasonal cycle as template for climate variability on astronomical timescales. Paleoceanography, 24. PA4201. doi:10.1029/2008PA001674

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Lebreiro, SM, Voelker, AHL, Vizcaino, A, Abrantes, FF, Alt-Epping, U, Jung, S, Thouveny, N and Gràcia, E (2009) Sediment instability on the Portuguese continental margin under abrupt glacial climate changes (last 60 kyr). Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(27-28). 3211-3223. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.08.007 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Lippold, J, Grützner, J, Winter, DM, Lahaye, Y, Mangini, A and Christl, M (2009) Does sedimentary 231Pa/230Th from the Bermuda Rise monitor past Atlantic Meridional Overtuning Circulation? Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L12601. doi:10.1029/2009GL038068 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Liu, X, Dong, H, Yang, X, Herzschuh, U, Zhang, E, Stuut, JB and Wang, Y (2009) Late Holocene forcing of the Asian winter and summer monsoon as evidenced by proxy records from the northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 280(1-4). 276-284. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.01.041

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Lüer, V, Cortese, G, Neil, HL, Hollis, C and Willems, H (2009) Radiolarian-based sea surface temperatures and paleoceanographic changes during the Late Pleistocene-Holocene in the subantarctic southwest Pacific. Marine Micropaleontology, 70(3-4). 151-165. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.12.002 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

MARGO Project Members, Waelbroeck, C, Paul, A, Kucera, M, Rosell-Melé, A, Weinelt, M, Schneider, RR, Mix, AC, Abelmann, A, Armand, LK, Bard, E, Barker, S, Barrows, TT, Benway, HM, Cacho Lascorz, I, Chen, MT, Cortijo, E, Crosta, X, de Vernal, A, Dokken, T, Duprat, J, Elderfield, H, Eynaud, F, Gersonde, R, Hayes, A, Henry, M, Hillaire-Marcel, C, Huang, CC, Jansen, E, Juggins, S, Kallel, N, Kiefer, T, Kienast, M, Labeyrie, LD, Leclaire, H, Londeix, L, Mangin, S, Matthiessen, J, Marret, F, Meland, MY, Morey, AE, Mulitza, S, Pflaumann, U, Pisias, NG, Radi, T, Rochon, A, Rohling, EJ, Sbaffi, L, Schäfer-Neth, C, Solignac, S, Spero, H, Tachikawa, K and Turon, JL (2009) Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Geoscience, 2(2). 127-132. doi:10.1038/ngeo411 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Martinez-Garcia, A, Rosell-Melé, A, Geibert, W, Gersonde, R, Masqué, P, Gaspari, V and Barbante, C (2009) Links between iron supply, marine productivity, sea surface temperature and CO2 over the last 1.1 My. Paleoceanography, 24. PA1207. doi:10.1029/2008PA001657

McGregor, HV, Dupont, LM, Stuut, JB and Kuhlmann, H (2009) Vegetation change, goats, and religion: a 2000-year history of land use in southern Morocco. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(15-16). 1434-1448. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.02.012 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mertens, C, Rhein, M, Kirchner, K and Walter, M (2009) Modulation of the Inflow into the Caribbean Sea by North Brazil Current Rings. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 56(7). 1057-1076. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.03.002

Mertens, KN, Amorim, A, Chitolie, J, Deaf, AS, De Schepper, S, de Vernal, A and et al (2009) Determining the absolute abundance of dinoflagellate cysts in recent marine sediments: The Lycopodium marker-grain method put to the test. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 157(3-4). 238-252. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2009.05.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mertens, KN, Ribeiro, S, Bouimetarhan, I, Caner, H, Combourieu Nebout, N, Dale, B, de Vernal, A, Ellegaard, M, Filipova, M, Godhe, A, Goubert, E, Grøsfjeld, K, Holzwarth, U, Kotthoff, U, Leroy, SAG, Londeix, L, Marret, F, Matsuoka, K, Mudie, PJ, Naudts, L, Peña-Manjarrez, JL, Persson, A, Popescu, SM, Pospelova, V, Sangiorgi, F, van der Meer, TJ, Vink, A, Zonneveld, KAF, Vercauteren, D, Vlassenbroeck, J and Louwye, S (2009) Process length variation in cysts of a dinoflagellate, Lingulodinium machaerophorum, in surface sediments: Investigating its potential as salinity proxy. Marine Micropalaeontology, 70(1-2). 54-69. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.10.004

Mil-Homens, M, Branco, V, Vale, C, Boer, W, Alt-Epping, U, Abrantes, FF and Vicente, M (2009) Sedimentary record of anthropogenic metal inputs in the Tagus prodelta (Portugal). Continental Shelf Research, 29. 381-392. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2008.10.002

Mohtadi, M, Steinke, S, Groeneveld, J, Fink, HG, Rixen, T, Hebbeln, D, Donner, B and Herunadi, B (2009) Low-latitude control on seasonal and interannual changes in planktonic foraminiferal flux and shell geochemistry off south Java: A sediment trap study. Paleoceanography, 24. PA1201. doi:10.1029/2008PA001636 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Niedermeyer, EM, Prange, M, Mulitza, S, Mollenhauer, G, Schefuß, E and Schulz, M (2009) Extratropical forcing of Sahel aridity during Heinrich stadials. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L20707. doi:10.1029/2009GL039687 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Numberger, L, Hemleben, C, Hoffmann, R, Mackensen, A, Schulz, H, Wunderlich, JM and Kucera, M (2009) Habitats, abundance patterns and isotopic signals of morphotypes of the planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber (d'Orbigny) in the eastern Mediterranean Sea since the Marine Isotopic Stage 12. Marine Micropaleontology, 73(1-2). 90-104. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2009.07.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Otto-Bliesner, BL, Schneider, RR, Brady, EC, Kucera, M, Abe-Ouchi, A, Bard, E, Braconnot, P, Crucifix, M, Hewitt, CD, Kageyama, M, Marti, O, Paul, A, Rosell-Melé, A, Waelbroeck, C, Weber, SL, Weinelt, M and Yu, Y (2009) A comparison of PMIP2 model simulations and the MARGO proxy reconstruction for tropical sea surface temperatures at last glacial maximum. Climate Dynamics, 32. 799-815. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0509-0

Pittauerová, D, Mulitza, S, Hettwig, B, Chehade, W, Mollenhauer, G, Stuut, JB and Fischer, HW (2009) Application of self-absorption correction method in gamma spectroscopy for 210Pb and 137Cs sediment chronology on the continental slope off NW Africa. Radioprotection, 44(5). 457-461. doi:10.1051/radiopro/20095085

Rampen, SW, Schouten, S, Schefuß, E and Sinninghe Damsté, JS (2009) Impact of temperature on long chain diol and mid-chain hydroxy methyl alkanoate composition in Proboscia diatoms: Results from culture and field studies. Organic Geochemistry, 40(11). 1124-1131. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2009.08.005

Reid, PC, Fischer, AC, Lewis-Brown, E, Meredith, MP, Sparrow, M, Andersson, AJ, Antia, AN, Bates, NR, Bathmann, U, Beaugrand, G, Brix, H, Dye, S, Edwards, M, Furevik, T, Gangstø, R, Hátún, H, Hopcroft, RR, Kendall, MA, Kasten, S, Keeling, RF, Le Quéré, C, Mackenzie, FT, Malin, G, Mauritzen, C, Olafsson, J, Paull, CK, Rignot, E, Shimada, K, Vogt, M, Wallace, C, Wang, Z and Washington, R (2009) Impacts of the oceans on climate change. Advances in Marine Biology, 56. 1-150. doi:10.1016/S0065-2881(09)56001-4

Sarnthein, M, Bartoli, G, Prange, M, Schmittner, A, Schneider, B, Weinelt, M, Andersen, N and Garbe-Schönberg, CD (2009) Mid-Pliocene shifts in ocean overturning circulation and the onset of Quaternary-style climates. Climate of the Past, 5. 269-283. doi:10.5194/cp-5-269-2009 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Schlitzer, R (2009) Inverse Modeling of Tracers and Nutrients. In: Steele, JH, Turekian, KK and Thorpe, SA (eds.) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Elsevier Ltd., 3879-3890.

Sepúlveda, J, Wendler, J, Summons, RE and Hinrichs, KU (2009) Rapid Resurgence of Marine Productivity After the Cretaceous-Paleogene Mass Extinction. Science, 326. 129-132. doi:10.1126/science.1176233

Sluijs, A, Schouten, S, Donders, TH, Schoon, PL, Röhl, U, Reichart, GJ, Sangiorgi, F, Kim, JH, Sinninghe Damsté, JS and Brinkhuis, H (2009) Warm and wet conditions in the Arctic region during Eocene Thermal Maximum 2. Nature Geosciences, 2. 777-780. doi:10.1038/NGEO668 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Steinfeldt, R, Rhein, M, Bullister, JL and Tanhua, T (2009) Inventory changes in anthropogenic carbon from 1997-2003 in the Atlantic Ocean between 20°S and 65°N. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23. GB3010. doi:10.1029/2008GB003311 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Steph, S, Regenberg, M, Tiedemann, R, Mulitza, S and Nürnberg, D (2009) Stable isotopes of planktonic foraminifera from tropical Atlantic/Caribbean core-tops: Implications for reconstructing upper ocean stratification. Marine Micropaleontology, 71(1-2). 1-19. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.12.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Warnaar, J, Bijl, PK, Huber, M, Sloan, L, Brinkhuis, H, Röhl, U, Sriver, R and Visscher, H (2009) Orbitally forced climate changes in the Tasman sector during the Middle Eocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 280(3-4). 361-370. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.06.023 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Weijers, JWH, Schouten, S, Schefuß, E, Schneider, RR and Sinninghe Damsté, JS (2009) Disentangling marine, soil and plant organic carbon contributions to continental margin sediments: A multi-proxy approach in a 20,000 year sediment record from the Congo deep-sea fan. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(1). 119-132. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.10.016 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Westerhold, T and Röhl, U (2009) High resolution cyclostratigraphy of the early Eocene - new insights into the origin of the Cenozoic cooling trend. Climate of the Past, 5. 309-327. doi:10.5194/cp-5-309-2009 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, McCarren, HK and Zachos, JC (2009) Latest on the absolute age of the Paleocene - Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM): New insights from exact stratigraphic position of key ash layers +19 and -17. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 287. 412-419. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.08.027 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wilke, I, Meggers, H and Bickert, T (2009) Depth habitats and seasonal distributions of recent planktic foraminifers in the Canary Islands region (29°N) based on oxygen isotopes. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 56(1). 89-106. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.08.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zonneveld, KAF, Cheng, L, Möbius, J and Mahmoud, MS (2009) Environmental significance of dinoflagellate cysts from the proximal part of the Po-river discharge plume (off southern Italy, Eastern Mediterranean). Journal of Sea Research, 62(4). 189-213. doi:10.1016/j.seares.2009.02.003

Bahr, A, Lamy, F, Arz, HW, Major, C, Kwiecien, O and Wefer, G (2008) Abrupt changes of temperature and water chemistry in the late Pleistocene and early Holocene Black Sea. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9. Q01004. doi:10.1029/2007GC001683 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Bleil, U and Dillon, M (2008) Holocene Earth's magnetic field variations recorded in marine sediments of the NW African continental margin. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 52(2). 133-155. doi:10.1007/s11200-008-0010-6 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Blumberg, S, Lamy, F, Arz, HW, Echtler, H, Wiedicke, M, Haug, GH and Oncken, O (2008) Turbiditic trench deposits at the South-Chilean active margin: A Pleistocene-Holocene record of climate and tectonics. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 268(3-4). 526-539. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.02.007 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Boeckel, B and Baumann, KH (2008) Vertical and lateral variations in coccolithophore community structure across the subtropical frontal zone in the South Atlantic Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 67(3-4). 255-273. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.01.014

Bornemann, A, Norris, RD, Friedrich, O, Beckmann, B, Schouten, S, Damste, JSS, Vogel, J, Hofmann, P and Wagner, T (2008) Isotopic evidence for glaciation during the cretaceous supergreenhouse. Science, 319(5860). 189-192. doi:10.1126/science.1148777 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Chiessi, CM, Mulitza, S, Paul, A, Pätzold, J, Groeneveld, J and Wefer, G (2008) South Atlantic interocean exchange as the trigger for the Bølling warm event. Geology, 36(12). 919-922. doi:10.1130/G24979A.1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Clift, PD, Hodges, KV, Heslop, D, Hannigan, R, Van Long, H and Calves, G (2008) Correlation of Himalayan exhumation rates and Asian monsoon intensity. Nature Geoscience, 1. 875-880. doi:10.1038/ngeo351

Cortese, G and Gersonde, R (2008) Plio/Pleistocene changes in the main biogenic silica carrier in the Southern Ocean, Atlantic Sector. Marine Geology, 252(3-4). 100-110. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2008.03.015 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

De Schepper, S and Head, MJ (2008) Age calibration of dinoflagellate cyst and acritarch events in the Plio-Pleistocene of the eastern North Atlantic (DSDP Hole 610A). Stratigraphy, 5(2). 137-161.

De Schepper, S and Head, MJ (2008) New dinoflagellate cyst and acritarch taxa from the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the eastern North Atlantic (DSDP Site 610). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 6(1). 101-117. doi:10.1017/S1477201907002167

De Schepper, S, Head, MJ and Louwye, S (2008) Pliocene dinoflagellate cyst stratigraphy, palaeoecology and sequence stratigraphy of the Tunnel-Canal Dock, Belgium. Geological Magazine, 146(1). 92-112. doi:10.1017/S0016756808005438

Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Kim, JH (2008) Thirty thousand years of vegetation development and climate change in Angola (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1078). Climate of the Past, 4. 107-124. doi:10.5194/cp-4-107-2008 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Eberwein, A and Mackensen, A (2008) Last Glacial Maximum paleoproductivity and water masses off NW-Africa: Evidence from benthic foraminifera and stable isotopes. Marine Micropaleontology, 67(1-2). 87-103. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.08.008

Elbrächter, M, Gottschling, M, Hildebrand-Habel, T, Keupp, H, Kohring, R, Lewis, J, Meier, KJS, Montresor, M, Streng, M, Versteegh, GJM, Willems, H and Zonneveld, KAF (2008) Establishing an Agenda for Calcareous Dinoflagellate Research (Thoracosphaeraceae, Dinophyceae) including a Nomenclatural Synopsis of Generic Names. Taxon, 57(4). 1289-1303. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27756780

Ertefai, TF, Fisher, MC, Fredricks, HF, Lipp, JS, Birgel, D, Udert, KM, Cavanaugh, CM, Pearson, A, Gschwend, PM and Hinrichs, KU (2008) Vertical distribution of microbial lipids and functional genes in chemically distinct layers of a highly polluted meromictic lake. Organic Geochemistry, 39(11). 1572-1588. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2008.07.009

Flögel, S, Beckmann, B, Hofmann, P, Bornemann, A, Westerhold, T, Norris, RD, Dullo, WC and Wagner, T (2008) Evolution of tropical watersheds and continental hydrology during the Late Cretaceous greenhouse; impact on marine carbon burial and possible implications for the future. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 274(1-2). 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.06.011

Fraile, I, Schulz, M, Mulitza, S and Kucera, M (2008) Predicting the global distribution of planktonic foraminifera using a dynamic ecosystem model. Biogeosciences, 5. 891-911. doi:10.5194/bg-5-891-2008

Franke, J, Paul, A and Schulz, M (2008) Modeling variations of marine reservoir ages during the last 45 000 years. Climate of the Past, 4. 125-136. doi:10.5194/cp-4-125-2008

Franke, J, Schulz, M, Paul, A and Adkins, J (2008) Assessing the ability of the 14C projection-age method to constrain the circulation of the past in a 3-D ocean model. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9. Q08003. doi:10.1029/2008GC001943

Friedrich, O, Erbacher, J, Moriya, K, Wilson, PA and Kuhnert, H (2008) Warm saline intermediate waters in the Cretaceous tropical Atlantic Ocean. Nature Geoscience, 1(7). 453-457. doi:10.1038/ngeo217 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Gebhardt, H, Sarnthein, M, Grootes, PM, Kiefer, T, Kühn, H, Schmieder, F and Röhl, U (2008) Paleonutrient and productivity records from the subarctic North Pacific for Pleistocene glacial terminations I to V. Paleoceanography, 23. PA4212. doi:10.1029/2007PA001513 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Giraud, X, Le Quéré, C and Cotrim da Cunha, L (2008) Importance of coastal nutrient supply for global ocean biogeochemistry. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22. GB2025. doi:10.1029/2006GB002717

González, C, Dupont, LM, Behling, H and Wefer, G (2008) Neotropical vegetation respnse to rapid climate changes during the last glacial period: Palynological evidence from the Cariaco Basin. Quaternary Research, 69(2). 217-230. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.12.001

González, C, Dupont, LM, Mertens, KN and Wefer, G (2008) Reconstructing marine productivity of the Cariaco Basin during Marine Isotope Stages 3 and 4 using organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts. Paleoceanography, 23. PA3215. doi:10.1029/2008PA001602

Gravalosa, J, Flores Villarejo, JA, Sierro, FJ and Gersonde, R (2008) Sea surface distribution of coccolithophores in the eastern Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean (Bellingshausen and Amundsen Seas) during the late austral summer of 2001. Marine Micropaleontology, 69(1). 16-25. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.11.006

Greaves, M, Caillon, N, Rebaubier, H, Bartoli, G, Bohaty, SM, Cacho, I, Clarke, LJ, Cooper, M, Daunt, C, Delaney, ML, deMenocal, PB, Dutton, A, Eggins, SM, Elderfield, H, Garbe-Schoenberg, D, Goddard, JG, Green, DRH, Groeneveld, J, Hastings, D, Hathorne, EC, Kimoto, K, Klinkhammer, GP, Labeyrie, LD, Lea, DW, Marchitto, TM, Martínez-Botí, MÀ, Mortyn, PG, Ni, A, Nürnberg, D, Paradis, GL, Pena, L, Quinn, TM, Rosenthal, Y, Russell, AD, Sagawa, T, Sosdian, S, Stott, LD, Tachikawa, K, Tappa, E, Thunell, RC and Wilson, PA (2008) Interlaboratory comparison study of calibration standards for foraminiferal Mg/Ca thermometry. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9(8). Q08010. doi:10.1029/2008GC001974

Groeneveld, J, Nürnberg, D, Tiedemann, R, Reichart, GJ, Steph, S, Reuning, L, Crudeli, D and Mason, P (2008) Foraminiferal Mg/Ca increase in the Caribbean during the Pliocene: Western Atlantic Warm Pool formation, salinity influence, or diagenetic overprint? Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9. Q01P23. doi:10.1029/2006GC001564 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Haine, T, Boening, C, Brandt, P, Fischer, J, Funk, A, Kieke, D, Kvaleberg, E and Rhein, M (2008) North Atlantic Deep Water Transformation in the Labrador Sea, Recirculation through the Subpolar Gyre, and Discharge to the Subtropics. In: Dickson, RR, Meincke, J and Rhines, P (eds.) Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes - Defining the Role of the Northern Seas in Climate. Springer Netherlands, 653-701. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6774-7

Hathorne, EC, James, RH, Savage, P and Alard, O (2008) Physical and chemical characteristics of particles produced by laser ablation of biogenic calcium carbonate. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 23. 240-243. doi:10.1039/b706727e

Helmke, JP, Bauch, HA, Röhl, U and Kandiano, ES (2008) Uniform climate development between the subtropical and subpolar Northeast Atlantic across marine isotope stage 11. Climate of the Past, 4. 181-190. doi:10.5194/cp-4-181-2008

Hodell, DA, Channell, JET, Curtis, JH, Romero, OE and Röhl, U (2008) Onset of 'Hudson Strait' Heinrich Events in the eastern North Atlantic at the end of the middle Pleistocene transition (~640 ka)? Paleoceanography, 23. PA4218. doi:10.1029/2008PA001591 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Huhn, O, Hellmer, HH, Rhein, M, Rodehacke, C, Roether, W, Schodlok, MP and Schröder, M (2008) Evidence of deep- and bottom-water formation in the western Weddell Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 55(8-9). 1098-1116. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.12.015 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hönisch, B, Bickert, T and Hemming, NG (2008) Modern and Pleistocene boron isotope composition of the benthic foraminifer Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272(1-2). 309-318. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.047 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Ionita, M, Lohmann, G and Rimbu, N (2008) Prediction of Spring Elbe Discharge Based on Stable Teleconnections with Winter Global Temperature and Precipitation. Journal of Climate, 21(23). 6215-6226. doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2248.1

Ionita, M, Lohmann, G, Rimbu, N and Wiltshire, KH (2008) The influence of large-scale atmospheric circulation on the variability of salinity at Helgoland Roads station. Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 60(5). 1103-1108. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00352.x

Kaiser, J, Schefuß, E, Lamy, F, Mohtadi, M and Hebbeln, D (2008) Glacial to Holocene changes in sea surface temperature and coastal vegetation in north central Chile: high versus low latitude forcing. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(21-22). 2064-2075. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.08.025

Kim, JH, Schouten, S, Hopmans, EC, Donner, B and Damste, JSS (2008) Global sediment core-top calibration of the TEX86 paleothermometer in the ocean. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(4). 1154-1173. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.12.010

Kirchner, K, Rhein, M, Mertens, C, Böning, CW and Hüttl, S (2008) Observed and modeled meridional overturning circulation related flow into the Caribbean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 113. C03028. doi:10.1029/2007JC004320

Kodrans-Nsiah, M, de Lange, GJ and Zonneveld, KAF (2008) A natural exposure experiment on short-term species-selective aerobic degradation of dinoflagellate cysts. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 152(1-2). 32-39. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2008.04.002

Kwiecien, O, Arz, HW, Lamy, F, Wulf, S, Bahr, A, Röhl, U and Haug, GH (2008) Estimated reservoir ages of the Black Sea since the Last Glacial. Radiocarbon, 50(1). 99-118.

LeBel, D, Smethie, WM, Rhein, M, Kieke, D, Fine, RA, Bullister, JL, Min, DH, Roether, W, Weiss, RF, Andrié, C, Smythe-Wright, D and Jones, EP (2008) The formation rate of distribution of North Atlantic Deep Water and Eighteen Degree Water calculated from CFC-11 inventories observed during WOCE. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 55(8). 891-910. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.03.009

Legge, HL, Mutterlose, J, Arz, HW and Pätzold, J (2008) Nannoplankton successions in the northern Red Sea during the last glaciation (60 to 14.5 ka BP): Reactions to climate change. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 270(3-4). 271-279. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.03.030

Lohmann, G, Haak, H and Jungclaus, JH (2008) Estimating trends of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation from long-term hydrographic data and model simulations. Ocean Dynamics, 58(2). 127-138. doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0136-7

Mackensen, A (2008) On the use of benthic foraminiferal d13C in paleoceanography: constraints from primary proxy relationships. In: Austin, WEN and James, RH (eds.) Biogeochemical controls on Palaeoceanographic Climate Proxies. Special Publications, 303. Geological Society of London, 121-133. doi:10.1144/SP303.9

McCarren, H, Thomas, E, Hasegawa, T, Röhl, U and Zachos, JC (2008) Depth Dependency of the Paleocene-Eocene carbon isotope excursion: Paired benthic and terrestrial biomarker records (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 208, Walvis Ridge). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9(10). Q10008. doi:10.1029/2008GC002116

Meckler, AN, Schubert, CJ, Hochuli, PA, Plessen, B, Birgel, D, Flower, BP, Hinrichs, KU and Haug, GH (2008) Glacial to Holocene terrigenous organic matter input to sediments from Orca Basin, Gulf of Mexico - a combined optical and biomarker approach. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272(1-2). 251-263. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.046

Mohtadi, M, Rossel, PE, Lange, CB, Pantoja, S, Böning, P, Repeta, DJ, Grunwald, M, Lamy, F, Hebbeln, D and Brumsack, HJ (2008) Deglacial pattern of circulation and marine productivity in the upwelling region off central-south Chile. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272. 221-230. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.043 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mulitza, S, Prange, M, Stuut, JB, Zabel, M, von Dobeneck, T, Itambi, AC, Nizou, J, Schulz, M and Wefer, G (2008) Sahel megadroughts triggered by glacial slowdowns of Atlantic meridional overturning. Paleoceanography, 23. PA4206. doi:10.1029/2008PA001637 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Nürnberg, D, Ziegler, M, Karas, C, Tiedemann, R and Schmidt, MW (2008) Interacting Loop current variability and Mississippi River discharge over the past 400 kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272(1-2). 278-289. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.051

Prange, M (2008) The low-resolution CCSM2 revisted: new adjustments and a present-day control run. Ocean Science, 4. 151-181. doi:10.5194/os-4-151-2008

Raitzsch, M, Kuhnert, H, Groeneveld, J and Bickert, T (2008) Benthic foraminifer Mg/Ca anomalies in South Atlantic core top sediments and their implications for paleothermometry. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9(5). Q05010. doi:10.1029/2007GC001788 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rathmann, S and Kuhnert, H (2008) Carbonate ion effect on Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and stable isotopes on the benthic foraminifera Oridorsalis umbonatus off Namibia. Marine Micropaleontology, 66(2). 120-133. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.08.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Romero, OE, Kim, JH and Donner, B (2008) Submillennial-to-millennial variability of diatom production off Mauritania, NW Africa, during the last glacial cycle. Paleoceanography, 23. PA3218. doi:10.1029/2008PA001601 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Salgueiro, E, Voelker, AHL, Abrantes, FF, Meggers, H, Pflaumann, U, Loncaric, N, González-Álvarez, R, Oliveira, P, Bartels-Jonsdottir, HB, Moreno, J and Wefer, G (2008) Planktonic foraminifera from modern sediments reflect upwelling patterns off Iberia: Insights from a regional transfer function. Marine Micropaleontology, 66(3-4). 135-164. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.09.003 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Sluijs, A, Röhl, U, Schouten, S, Brumsack, HJ, Sangiorgi, F, Sinninghe Damsté, JS and Brinkhuis, H (2008) Arctic late Paleocene - early Eocene paleoenvironments with special emphasis on the Paleocene - Eocene thermal maximum (Lomonosov Ridge, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 302). Paleoceanography, 23. PA1S11. doi:10.1029/2007PA001495

Steinke, S, Kienast, M, Groeneveld, J, Lin, LC, Chen, MT and Rendle-Bühring, R (2008) Proxy dependence of the temporal patterns of deglacial warming in the tropical South China Sea: Toward resolving seasonality. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(7-8). 688-700. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.12.003 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Steinke, S, Yu, PS, Kucera, M and Chen, MT (2008) No-analog planktonic foraminiferal faunas in the glacial southern South China Sea: Implications for the magnitude of glacial cooling in the western Pacific warm pool. Marine Micropaleontology, 66(2). 71-90. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.07.008 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Stöber, U, Walter, M, Mertens, C and Rhein, M (2008) Mixing estimates from hydrographic measurements in the Deep Western Boundary Current of the North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 55(6). 721-736. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.03.006

Tjallingii, R, Claussen, M, Stuut, JB, Fohlmeister, J, Jahn, A, Bickert, T, Lamy, F and Röhl, U (2008) Coherent high- and low-latitude control of the Northwest African hydrological balance. Nature Geoscience, 1. 670-675. doi:10.1038/ngeo289 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Voigt, S, Erbacher, J, Mutterlose, J, Weiss, W, Westerhold, T, Wiese, F, Wilmsen, M and Wonik, T (2008) The Cenomanian - Turonian of the Wunstorf section - (North Germany): global stratigraphic reference section and new orbital time scale for Oceanic Anoxic Event 2. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 43. 65-89. doi:10.1127/0078-0421/2008/0043-0065

Weigelt, E, Dupont, LM and Uenzelmann-Neben, G (2008) Late Pliocene climate changes documented in seismic and palynology data at the southwestern African Margin. Global and Planetary Change, 63(1). 31-39. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.05.001

Weltje, GJ and Tjallingii, R (2008) Calibration of XRF core scanners for quantitative geochemical logging of sediment cores: theory and application. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 274. 423-438. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.054

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Raffi, I, Fornaciari, E, Monechi, S, Reale, V, Bowles, J and Evans, HF (2008) Astronomical calibration of the Paleocene time. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 257(4). 377-403. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.09.016 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zheng, W, Braconnot, P, Guilyardi, E, Merkel, U and Yu, Y (2008) ENSO at 6 ka and 21 ka from ocean-atmosphere coupled model simulations. Climate Dynamics, 30. 745-762. doi:10.1007/s00382-007-0320-3

Ziegler, M, Nürnberg, D, Karas, C, Tiedemann, R and Lourens, LJ (2008) Persistent summer expansion of the Atlantic Warm Pool during glacial abrupt cold events. Nature Geoscience, 1. 601-605. doi:10.1038/ngeo277 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zonneveld, KAF, Versteegh, GJM and Kodrans-Nsiah, M (2008) Preservation and organic-chemistry of Late Cenozoic organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts; a review. Marine Micropaleontology, 68(1-2). 179-197. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.01.015

Agnini, C, Fornaciari, E, Raffi, I, Rio, D, Röhl, U and Westerhold, T (2007) High-resolution nannofossil biochronology of middle Paleocene to early Eocene at ODP Site 1262: Implications for calcareous nannoplankton evolution. Marine Micropaleontology, 64(3-4). 215-248. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.05.003 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Al-Rousan, S, Felis, T, Manasrah, R and Al-Horani, F (2007) Seasonal variations in the stable oxygen isotopic composition in Porites corals from the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Geochemical Journal, 41(5). 333-340. doi:10.2343/geochemj.41.333

Arz, HW, Lamy, F, Ganopolski, A, Nowaczyk, NR and Pätzold, J (2007) Dominant Northern Hemisphere climate control over millennial-scale glacial sea-level variability. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26(3-4). 312-321. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.07.016 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Behling, H (2007) Late Quaternary vegetation, fire and climate dynamics of Serra Aracatuba in the Atlantic coastal mountains of Parana State, southern Brazil. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 16. 77-85. doi:10.1007/s00334-006-0078-2

Behling, H, Dupont, LM, Safford, HDF and Wefer, G (2007) Late Quaternary vegetation and climate dynamics in the Serra da Bocaina, southeastern Brazil. Quaternary International, 161(1). 22-31. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2006.10.021

Berger, WH (2007) Cenozoic cooling, Antarctic nutrient pump, and the evolution of whales. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 54(21-22). 2399-2421. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.07.024

Bison, KM, Versteegh, GJM, Hilgen, FJ and Willems, H (2007) Calcareous dinoflagellate turnover in relation to the Messinian salinity crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean Pissouri Basin; Cyprus. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 26. 103-116. doi:10.1144/jm.26.2.103

Bockelmann, FD, Zonneveld, KAF and Schmidt, M (2007) Assessing environmental control on dinoflagellate cyst distribution in surface sediments of the Benguela upwelling region (eastern South Atlantic). Limnology and Oceanography, 52(6). 2582-2594. doi:10.4319/lo.2007.52.6.2582

Brijker, JM, Jung, SJA, Ganssen, GM, Bickert, T and Kroon, D (2007) ENSO related decadal scale climate variability from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 253(1-2). 67-82. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.10.017

Chiessi, CM, Ulrich, S, Mulitza, S, Pätzold, J and Wefer, G (2007) Signature of the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence (Argentine Basin) in the isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera from surface sediments. Marine Micropaleontology, 64(1-2). 52-66. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.02.002 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Cortese, G and Gersonde, R (2007) Morphometric variability in the diatom Fragilariopsis kerguelensis: implications for Southern Ocean paleoceanography. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 257(3/4). 526-544. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.03.021

Dima, M and Lohmann, G (2007) A hemispheric mechanism for the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Journal of Climate, 20(11). 2706-2719. doi:10.1175/JCLI4174.1

Dupont, LM, Behling, H, Jahns, S, Marret, F and Kim, JH (2007) Variability in glacial and Holocene marine pollen records offshore from west southern Africa. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 16. 87-100. doi:10.1007/s00334-006-0080-8 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Esper, O and Zonneveld, KAF (2007) The potential of organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts for the reconstruction of past sea-surface conditions in the Southern Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 65(3-4). 185-212. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.07.002 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Gussone, N, Langer, G, Geisen, M, Steel, BA and Riebesell, U (2007) Calcium isotope fractionation in coccoliths of cultured Calcidiscus leptoporus, Helicosphaera carteri, Syracosphaera pulchra and Umbilicosphaera foliosa. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 260(3-4). 505-515. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.06.001

Hebbeln, D, Lamy, F, Mohtadi, M and Echtler, H (2007) Tracing the impact of glacial/interglacial climate variability on erosion of the Southern Andes. Geology, 35(2). 131-134. doi:10.1130/G23243A.1

Hodell, DA, Kamenov, GD, Hathorne, EC, Zachos, JC, Röhl, U and Westerhold, T (2007) Variations in the Strontium Isotope Composition of Seawater during the Paleocene and Early Eocene from ODP Leg 208 (Walvis Ridge). Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 8. Q09001. doi:10.1029/2007GC001607 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Holbourn, AEL, Kuhnt, W, Schulz, M, Flores, JA and Andersen, N (2007) Orbitally-paced climate evolution during the middle Miocene "Monterey" carbon-isotope excursion. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 261(3-4). 534-550. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.026 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Holzwarth, U, Esper, O and Zonneveld, KAF (2007) Distribution of organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts in shelf surface sediments of the Benguela upwelling system in relationship to environmental conditions. Marine Micropaleontology, 64(1-2). 91-119. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.04.001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Jacot des Combes, H and Abelmann, A (2007) A 350 kyr Radiolarian record off Lüderitz, Namibia - evidence for changes in the upwelling regime. Marine Micropaleontology, 62(3). 194-210. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2006.08.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Jaeschke, A, Rühlemann, C, Arz, HW, Heil, GMN and Lohmann, G (2007) Coupling of millennial-scale changes in sea surface temperature and precipitation off northeastern Brazil with high-latitude climate shifts during the last glacial period. Paleoceanography, 22. PA4206. doi:10.1029/2006PA001391 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Jongma, JI, Prange, M, Renssen, H and Schulz, M (2007) Amplification of Holocene multicentennial climate forcing by mode transitions in North Atlantic overturning circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 34. L15706. doi:10.1029/2007GL030642

Kaiser, J, Lamy, F, Arz, HW and Hebbeln, D (2007) Dynamics of the millennial-scale sea surface temperature and Patagonian Ice Sheet fluctuations in southern Chile during the last 70 kyr (ODP Site 1233). Special Issue: High-Resolution Archives of Climatic and Environmental Variability Across Latin-America, Quaternary International, 161(1). 77-89. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2006.10.024

Kastanja, MM and Henrich, R (2007) Grain size variations in pelagic carbonate oozes from the Walvis Ridge - SE Atlantic (ODP Site 1265): a Miocene record of carbonate sedimentation and preservation. Marine Geology, 237(1-2). 97-108. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2006.10.040

Kieke, D, Rhein, M, Stramma, L, Smethie, WM, Bullister, JL and LeBel, D (2007) Changes in the pool of Labrador Sea Water in the subpolar North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 34. L06605. doi:10.1029/2006GL028959

Kim, JH, Meggers, H, Rimbu, N, Lohmann, G, Freudenthal, T, Müller, PJ and Schneider, RR (2007) Impacts of the North Atlantic gyre circulation on Holocene climate off northwest Africa. Geology, 35(5). 387-390. doi:10.1130/G23251A.1

Knies, J, Matthiessen, J, Mackensen, A, Stein, R, Vogt, C, Frederichs, T and Nam, SI (2007) Effects of Arctic freshwater forcing on thermohaline circulation during the Pleistocene. Geology, 35(12). 1075-1078. doi:10.1130/G23966A.1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Knorr, G and Lohmann, G (2007) Rapid transitions in the Atlantic thermohaline circulation triggered by global warming and meltwater during the last deglaciation. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 8. Q12006. doi:10.1029/2007GC001604

Kristen, I, Fuhrmann, A, Thorpe, J, Röhl, U, Wilkes, H and Oberhänsli, H (2007) Hydrological changes in southern Africa over the last 200 kyr as recorded in lake sediments from the Tswaing impact crater. South African Journal of Geology, Special Issue, 110. 311-326. doi:10.2113/gssajg.110.2-3.311

Kroon, D, Zachos, JC, Blum, P, Bowles, J, Gailott, P, Hasegawa, T, Hathorne, EC, Hodell, DA, Kelly, DC, Jung, JH, Keller, SM, Lee, YS, Leuschner, DC, Kyger, ZL, Lohmann, C, Lourens, LJ, Monechi, S, Nicolo, M, Raffi, I, Riesselman, C, Röhl, U, Schellenberg, SA, Schmidt, D, Sluijs, A, Thomas, D and Vallius, H (2007) Leg 208 synthesis: Cenozoic climate cycles and excursions. In: Kroon, D, Zachos, JC and Richter, C (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 208. College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1-55. doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.208.201.2007

Lamy, F, Kaiser, J, Arz, HW, Hebbeln, D, Ninnemann, U, Timm, O, Timmermann, A and Toggweiler, JR (2007) Modulation of the bipolar seesaw in the Southeast Pacific during Termination 1. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 259(3-4). 400-413. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.04.040 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Lohmann, G and Lorenz, SJ (2007) Orbital forcing on atmospheric dynamics during the last interglacial and glacial inception. In: Sirocko, F, Claussen, M, Litt, T and Sanchez-Goñi, MF (eds.) The climate of past interglacials. Developments in Quaternary Science, 7. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 527-546. doi:10.1016/S1571-0866(07)80060-1

Louwye, S, De Schepper, S, Laga, P and Vandenberghe, N (2007) The Upper Miocene of the southern North Sea Basin (northern Belgium): a palaeoenvironmental and stratigraphical reconstruction using dinoflagellate cysts. Geological Magazine, 144(1). 33-52. doi:10.1017/S0016756806002627

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Marchal, O, Jackson, C, Nilsson, J, Paul, A and Stocker, TF (2007) Buoyancy-Driven Flow and Nature of Vertical Mixing in a Zonally Averaged Model. In: Schmittner, A, Chiang, JCH and Hemming, SR (eds.) Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and impacts. Geophysical Monograph Series, 173. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C., 33-52. doi:10.1029/173GM05

McGregor, HV, Dima, M, Fischer, HW and Mulitza, S (2007) Rapid 20th century increase in coastal upwelling off northwest Africa. Science, 315. 637-639. doi:10.1126/science.1134839 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mohtadi, M, Max, L, Hebbeln, D, Baumgart, A, Krück, N and Jennerjahn, TC (2007) Modern environmental conditions recorded in surface sediment samples off W and SW Indonesia: Planktonic foraminifera and biogenic compounds analyses. Marine Micropaleontology, 65(1-2). 96-112. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.06.004 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mohtadi, M, Romero, OE, Kaiser, J and Hebbeln, D (2007) Cooling of the southern high latitudes during the Medieval Period and its effect on ENSO. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26(7-8). 1055-1066. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.12.008 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Neuer, S, Cianca, A, Helmke, P, Freudenthal, T, Davenport, R, Meggers, H, Knoll, M, Santana-Casiano, JM, Gonzalez Davila, M, Rueda, MJ and Llinás, O (2007) Biogeochemistry and hydrography in the eastern subtropical North Atlantic gyre. Results from the European time-series station ESTOC. Progress in Oceanography, 72. 1-29. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2006.08.001

Rhein, M, Kieke, D and Steinfeldt, R (2007) Ventilation of the Upper Labrador Sea Water, 2003-2005. Geophysical Research Letters, 34. L06603. doi:10.1029GL028540

Richter, D, Vink, A, Zonneveld, KAF, Kuhlmann, H and Willems, H (2007) Calcareous dinoflagellate cyst distributions in surface sediments from upwelling areas off NW Africa, and their relationships with environmental parameters of the upper water column. Marine Micropaleontology, 63(3-4). 210-228. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2006.12.002

Rimbu, N, Lohmann, G and Grosfeld, K (2007) Northern Hemisphere atmospheric blocking in ice core accumulation records from Northern Greenland. Geophysical Research Letters, 34. L09704. doi:10.1029/2006GL029175

Röhl, U, Westerhold, T, Bralower, TJ and Zachos, JC (2007) On the duration of the Paleocene - Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 8(12). Q12002. doi:10.1029/2007GC001784 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Schlitzer, R (2007) Assimilation of radiocarbon and chlorofluorocarbon data to constrain deep and bottom water transports in the world ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37(2). 259-276. doi:10.1175/JPO3011.1

Schulz, M, Prange, M and Klocker, A (2007) Low-frequency oscillations of the Atlantic Ocean meridional overturning circulation in a coupled climate model. Climate of the Past, 2. 97-107. doi:10.5194/cp-3-97-2007

Smethie, WM, LeBel, DA, Fine, RA, Rhein, M and Kieke, D (2007) Strength and variability of the deep limb of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation from chlorofluorocarbon inventories. In: Schmittner, A, Chiang, J and Hemming, S (eds.) Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and impacts. Geophysical Monograph Series, 173. American Geophysical Union, 119-130. doi:10.1029/173GM09

Sorrel, P, Oberhänsli, H, Boroffka, N, Nourgaliev, D, Dulski, P and Röhl, U (2007) Control of wind strength and frequency in the Aral Sea basin during the Holocene. Quaternary Research, 67. 371-382. doi:10.2113/gssajg.110.2/3.311

Steinfeldt, R, Rhein, M and Walter, M (2007) NADW transformation at the western boundary between 66°W/20°N and 60°W/10°N. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 54(6). 835-855. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2007.03.004

Teodoru, CR, Friedl, G, Friedrich, J, Röhl, U, Sturm, M and Wehrli, B (2007) Spatial distribution and recent changes in carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus accumulatoin in sediments of the Black Sea. Marine Chemistry, 105(1-2). 52-69. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2006.12.013

Tiedemann, R and Mix, AC (2007) Leg 202 synthesis: southeast Pacific paleoceanography. In: Tiedemann, R, Mix, AC, Richter, C and Ruddiman, WF (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 202. College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1-56. doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.202.201.2007

Tiedemann, R, Sturm, A, Steph, S, Lund, S and Stoner, JS (2007) Astronomically calibrated timescales from 6 to 2.5 Ma and benthic isotope stratigraphies, Sites 1236, 1237, 1239, and 1241. In: Tiedemann, R, Mix, AC, Richter, C and Ruddiman, WF (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 202. College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1-69. doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.202.210.2007 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Tjallingii, R, Röhl, U, Kölling, M and Bickert, T (2007) Influence of the water content on X-ray fluorescence core- scanning measurements in soft marine sediments. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 8(2). Q02004. doi:10.1029/2006GC001393 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wan, S, Li, A, Clift, PD and Stuut, JB (2007) Development of the East Asian monsoon: Mineralogical and sedimentologic records in the northern South China Sea since 20 Ma. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 254(3-4). 561-582. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.07.009

Weijers, JWH, Schefuß, E, Schouten, S and Sinninghe Damsté, JS (2007) Coupled Thermal and Hydrological Evolution of Tropical Africa over the Last Deglaciation. Science, 315. 1701-1704. doi:10.1126/science.1138131 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Westerhold, T, Röhl, U, Laskar, J, Raffi, I, Bowles, J, Lourens, LJ and Zachos, JC (2007) On the duration of magnetochrons C24r and C25n and the timing of early Eocene global warming events: Implications from the Ocean Drilling Program Leg 208 Walvis Ridge depth transect. Paleoceanography, 22. PA2201. doi:10.1029/2006PA001322 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Ziveri, P, de Bernardi, B, Baumann, KH, Stoll, HM and Mortyn, PG (2007) Sinking of coccolith carbonate and potential contribution to organic carbon ballasting in the deep ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 54(5-7). 659-675. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.006

Zonneveld, KAF, Mackensen, A and Baumann, KH (2007) Stable oxygen isotopes of Thoracosphaera heimii (Dinophyceae) in relationship to temperature; a culture experiment. Marine Micropaleontology, 64(1-2). 80-90. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.03.002

de Pol-Holz, R, Ulloa, O, Lamy, F, Dezileau, L, Sabatier, P and Hebbeln, D (2007) Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean. Paleoceanography, 22. PA2207. doi:10.1029/2006PA001308 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Abelmann, A, Gersonde, R, Cortese, G, Kuhn, G and Smetacek, V (2006) Extensive phytoplankton blooms in the Atlantic sector of the glacial Southern Ocean. Paleoceanography, 21. PA1013. doi:10.1029/2005PA001199

Arz, HW, Lamy, F and Pätzold, J (2006) A pronounced dry event recorded around 4.2 ka in brine sediments from the northern Red Sea. Quaternary Research, 66(3). 432-441. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2006.05.006

Bahr, A, Arz, HW, Lamy, F and Wefer, G (2006) Late glacial to Holocene paleoenvironmental evolution of the Black Sea, reconstructed with stable oxygen isotope records obtained on ostracod shells. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 241. 863-875. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.10.036

Bickert, T (2006) Influence of geochemical processes on stable isotope distribution in marine sediments. In: Schulz, HD and Zabel, M (eds.) Marine Geochemistry, 2nd Ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 339-369. doi:10.1007/3-540-32144-6_10

Boeckel, B, Baumann, KH, Henrich, R and Kinkel, H (2006) Distribution of coccoliths in South Atlantic and Southern Ocean surface sediments in relation to environmental gradients. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 53(6). 1073-1099. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2005.11.006

Boroffka, N, Oberhänsli, H, Sorrel, P, Demory, F, Reinhardt, C, Wünnemann, B, Alimov, K, Baratov, S, Rakhimov, K, Saparov, N, Shirinov, T, Krivonogov, SK and Röhl, U (2006) Archaeology and Climate: settlement and lake-level changes at the Aral Sea. Geoarchaeology, 21(7). 721-734. doi:10.1002/gea.20135

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Hebbeln, D, Marchant, M and Wefer, G (2002) Paleoproductivity in the southern Peru-Chile Current through the last 33,000 years. Marine Geology, 186(3-4). 487-504. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00331-6

Kim, JH, Schneider, RR, Hebbeln, D, Müller, PJ and Wefer, G (2002) Last deglacial sea-surface temperature evolution in the Southeast Pacific compared to climate changes on the Sourth American continent. Quaternary Science Reviews, 21(18-19). 2085-2097. doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(02)00012-4 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kim, JH, Schneider, RR, Müller, PJ and Wefer, G (2002) Interhemispheric comparison of deglacial sea-surface temperature patterns in Atlantic eastern boundary currents. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 194(3-4). 383-393. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00545-3 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Kuhnert, H, Pätzold, J, Schnetger, B and Wefer, G (2002) Sea-surface temperature variability in the 16th century at Bermuda inferred from coral records. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 179(3-4). 159-171. doi:10.1016/S0031-0182(01)00410-2 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Lamy, F, Rühlemann, C, Hebbeln, D and Wefer, G (2002) High- and low-latitude climate control on the position of the southern Peru-Chile Current during the Holocene. Paleoceanography, 17(2). 1028. doi:10.1029/2001PA000727 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Meggers, H, Freudenthal, T, Nave, SO, Targarona, J, Abrantes, FF and Helmke, P (2002) Assessment of geochemical and micropaleontological sedimentary parameters as proxies of surface water properties in the Canary Islands region. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 49(17). 3631-3654. doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00103-0 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Paul, A and Schulz, M (2002) Holocene climate variability on centennial-to-millennial time scales: 2. Internal feedbacks and external forcings as possible causes. In: Wefer, G, Berger, WH, Behre, KE and Jansen, E (eds.) Climate development and history of the North Atlantic Realm. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 55-73.

Plähn, O, Baschek, B, Badewien, TH, Walter, M and Rhein, M (2002) The importance of the Gulf of Aqaba for the formation of bottom water in the Red Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 107. C8. doi:10.1029/2000JC000342

Prange, M, Romanova, V and Lohmann, G (2002) The glacial thermohaline circulation: Stable or unstable? Geophysical Research Letters, 29(21). 2028. doi:10.1029/2002GL015337

Rhein, M, Fischer, J, Smethie, WM, Smythe-Wright, D, Mertens, C, Min, DH, Fleischmann, U and Putzka, A (2002) Labrador Sea Water: Pathways CFC inventory and formation rates. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32. 648-665. doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<0648:LSWPCI>2.0.CO;2

Romero, OE, Boeckel, B, Donner, B, Lavik, G, Fischer, G and Wefer, G (2002) Seasonal productivity dynamics in the pelagic central Benguela System inferred from the flux of carbonate and silicate organisms. Journal of Marine Systems, 37(4). 259-278. doi:10.1016/S0924-7963(02)00189-6 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Romero, OE, Lange, CB and Wefer, G (2002) Interannual variability (1988-1991) of siliceous phytoplankton fluxes off NW Africa. Journal of Plankton Research, 24(10). 1035-1046. doi:10.1093/plankt/24.10.1035 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Schlitzer, R (2002) Carbon export fluxes in the Southern Ocean: results from inverse modeling and comparison with satellite based estimates. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 49(9-10). 1623-1644. doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00004-8

Schlitzer, R (2002) Interactive analysis and visualization of geoscience data with Ocean Data View. Computers & Geosciences, 28(10). 1211-1218. doi:10.1016/S0098-3004(02)00040-7

Schmidt, GA and Mulitza, S (2002) Global calibration of ecological models for planktic foraminifera from coretop carbonate oxygen-18. Marine Micropaleontology, 44(3-4). 125-140. doi:10.1016/S0377-8398(01)00041-X

Schulz, M, Paul, A and Timmermann, A (2002) Relaxation oscillators in concert: A framework for climate change at millennial timescales during the late Pleistocene. Geophysical Research Letters, 29(24). 2193. doi:10.1029/2002GL016144

Stuut, JB, Prins, MA, Schneider, RR, Weltje, GJ, Jansen, JHF and Postma, G (2002) A 300-kyr record of aridity and wind strength in southwestern Africa: inferences from grain-size distributions of sediments on Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic. Marine Geology, 180(1-4). 221-233. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00215-8 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Uliana, E, Lange, CB and Wefer, G (2002) Evidence for Congo River freshwater load in Late Quaternary sediments of ODP Site 1077 (5°S, 10°E). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 187(1-2). 137-150. doi:10.1016/S0031-0182(02)00514-X PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Vidal, L, Bickert, T, Wefer, G and Röhl, U (2002) Late Miocene stable isotope stratigraphy of SE Atlantic ODP Site 1085: Relation to Messinian events. Marine Geology, 180. 71-85.

Vink, A, Brune, A, Höll, C, Zonneveld, KAF and Willems, H (2002) On the response of calcareous dinoflagellates to oligotrophy and stratification of the water column in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 178(1-2). 53-66. doi:10.1016/S0031-0182(01)00368-6 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Volbers, ANA and Henrich, R (2002) Late Quaternary variations in calcium carbonate preservation of deep-sea sediments in the northern Cape Basin: results from a multiproxy approach. Marine Geology, 180(1-4). 203-220. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00214-6 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Volbers, ANA and Henrich, R (2002) Present water mass calcium carbonate corrosiveness in the eastern South Atlantic inferred from ultrastructural breakdown of Globigerina bulloides in surface sediments. Marine Geology, 186(3-4). 471-486. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00333-X PANGAEA Supplementary Data

van Beek, P, Reyss, JL, Paterne, M, Gersonde, R, Rutgers van der Loeff, MM and Kuhn, G (2002) 226Ra in barite: absolute dating in Holocene Southern Ocean sediments and reconstruction of sea-surface reservoir ages. Geology, 30(8). 731-734. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2002)030<0731:RIBADO>2.0.CO;2

Arz, HW, Gerhardt, S, Pätzold, J and Röhl, U (2001) Millennial-scale changes of surface- and deep-water flow in the western tropical Atlantic linked to Northern Hemisphere high-latitude climate during the Holocene. Geology, 29(3). 239-242. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0239:MSCOSA>2.0.CO;2 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Brathauer, U, Abelmann, A, Gersonde, R, Niebler, HS and Fütterer, DK (2001) Calibration of Cycladophora davisiana events versus oxygen isotope stratigraphy in the subantarctic Atlantic Ocean - a stratigraphic tool for carbonate-poor Quaternary sediments. Marine Geology, 175(1-4). 167-181. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00141-4 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Cardinal, D, Hamelin, B, Bard, E and Pätzold, J (2001) Sr/Ca, U/Ca and δ18O records in recent massive corals from Bermuda: relationships with sea surface temperature. Chemical Geology, 176(1-4). 213-233. doi:10.1016/s0009-2541(00)00396-X PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Dupont, LM, Donner, B, Schneider, RR and Wefer, G (2001) Mid-Pleistocene environmental change in tropical Africa started as early as 1.05 Ma (palynological results of ODP Sites 1075). Geology, 29(3). 195-198.

Gingele, F and Schmieder, F (2001) Anomalous South Atlantic lithologies confirm global scale of unusual mid-Pleistocene climate excursion. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 186(1). 93-101. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00234-5

Haug, GH, Hughen, KA, Sigman, DM, Peterson, LC and Röhl, U (2001) Southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone through the Holocene. Science, 293(5533). 1304-1308. doi:10.1126/science.1059725 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Hoffmann, P and Pätzold, J (2001) The stabilisation of wet sediment cores by means of a polyethylene glycol/freeze-drying treatment for display and permanent storage. Geo-Marine Letters, 21(4). 245-252. doi:10.1007/s00367-001-0085-3

Lamy, F, Hebbeln, D, Röhl, U and Wefer, G (2001) Holocene rainfall variability in southern Chile: a marine record of latitudinal shifts of the Southern Westerlies. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 185. 369-382.

MacLeod, KG, Huber, BT, Pletsch, T, Röhl, U and Kucera, M (2001) Maastrichtian foraminiferal and paleoceanographic changes on Milankovitch time scales. Paleoceanography, 16(2). 133-154. doi:10.1029/2000PA000514 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mackensen, A (2001) Oxygen and carbon stable isotope tracers of Weddell Sea water masses: new data and some paleoceanographic implications. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 48(6). 1401-1422. doi:10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00093-5 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Mackensen, A, Rudolph, M and Kuhn, G (2001) Late Pleistocene deep-water circulation in the subantarctic eastern Atlantic. Global and Planetary Change, 30(3-4). 197-229. doi:10.1016/S0921-8181(01)00102-3 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Pälike, H, Shackleton, NJ and Röhl, U (2001) Astronomical forcing in late Eocene sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 193(3-4). 589-602. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00501-5 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Richter, C, Blum, P and Röhl, U (2001) Data report: Magnetic properties and XRF-scanner data of Site 1075 (Lower Congo Basin). In: Wefer, G, Berger, WH and Richter, C (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1-31. doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.175.214.2001 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Rimbu, N, Lohmann, G, Felis, T and Pätzold, J (2001) Arctic Oscillation signature in a Red Sea coral. Geophysical Research Letters, 28. 2959-2962. doi:10.1029/2001GL013083

Romero, OE, Hebbeln, D and Wefer, G (2001) Temporal and spatial variability in export production in the SE Pacific Ocean: evidence from siliceous plankton fluxes and surface sediment assemblages. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 48(12). 2673-2697. doi:10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00037-1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Röhl, U, Ogg, JG, Geib, TL and Wefer, G (2001) Astronomical calibration of the Danian time scale. In: Norris, RD, Kroon, D and Klaus, A (eds.) Western North Atlantic Palaeogene and Cretaceous Palaeoceanography. Special Publication(183). Geological Society, London, 163-183. ISBN 1862390789 doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.2001.183.01.09 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Samtleben, C, Munnecke, A, Bickert, T and Pätzold, J (2001) Shell succession, assemblage and species dependent effects on the C/O-isotopic composition of brachiopods — examples from the Silurian of Gotland. Chemical Geology, 175(1-2). 61-107. doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(00)00364-8

Shi, N, Schneider, RR, Beug, HJ and Dupont, LM (2001) Southeast trade wind variations during the last 135 kyr: evidence from pollen spectra in eastern South Atlantic sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 187(3-4). 311-321. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00267-9 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Vink, A, Rühlemann, C, Zonneveld, KAF, Mulitza, S, Hüls, M and Willems, H (2001) Shifts in the Position of the North Equatorial Current and Rapid Productivity Changes in the western Tropical Atlantic during the Last Glacial. Paleoceanography, 16(5). 479-490. doi:10.1029/2000PA000582 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Wefer, G and Berger, WH (2001) Reconstruction of productivity from the sedimentary record. In: Steele, JH, Turekian, KK and Thorpe , SA (eds.) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Elsevier Inc., 333-343. ISBN 978-0-12-374473-9 doi:10.1016/B978-012374473-9.00251-4

Wollenburg, JE, Kuhnt, W and Mackensen, A (2001) Changes in Arctic Ocean paleoproductivity and hydrography during the last 145 kyr: the benthic foraminiferal record. Paleoceanography, 16(1). 65-77. doi:10.1029/1999PA000454 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zabel, M, Schneider, RR, Wagner, T, Adegbie, AT, de Vries, U and Kolonic, S (2001) Late Quaternary Climate Changes in Central Africa as Inferred from Terrigenous Input to the Niger Fan. Quaternary Research, 56(2). 207-217. doi:10.1006/qres.2001.2261 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zonneveld, KAF, Hoek, RP, Brinkhuis, H and Willems, H (2001) Geographical distributions of organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts in surficial sediments of the Benguela upwelling region and their relationship to upper ocean conditions. Progress in Oceanography, 48(1). 25-72. doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(00)00047-1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Zonneveld, KAF, Versteegh, GJM and de Lange, GJ (2001) Palaeoproductivity and post-depositional aerobic organic matter decay reflected by dinoflagellate cyst assemblages of the Eastern Mediterranean S1 sapropel. Marine Geology, 172(3-4). 181-195. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(00)00134-1 PANGAEA Supplementary Data

Weiser, J, Baumann, KH, Hahn, A and Zabel, M Late Holocene paleoceanographic changes off south-western Africa as inferred from coccolithophore assemblages. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 36(2). 161-171.